Tyco International: Leadership Crisis

He grew up in a Polish neighborhood and was the first one from his family to attend College. Kowalski started his career in Taco in 1975 as an internal auditor, becoming the CEO in 1992. The company massively expanded during Kilowatt’s years as the CEO. Wall street had a nickname for Kowalski – “Deal-a-month Dennis”. (case study) His strategy worked. By the year 2000, Taco’s revenue was $28 billion year. Kowalski saw himself as Jack Welch, the former CEO of General Electric, bold leader who focused on winning.

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Kowalski saw himself as guru, he wanted to show the way to buy old boring companies that were not worth that much and by “hard work, rolling up your sleeves and being tough on expenses turning them into something profitable and valuable”. The company has a modest headquarters n New Hampshire, with a efficiently controlled staff . “Lean, mean, efficient machine”. Kowalski was one the highest paid Coo’s in America. In 1996 he made eight point nine million dollars, three years later, in 1999 he made one hundred and seventy million dollars. Kowalski explained his earnings by “stock performance”.

By 2001, Kowalski spent over $13 million on expensive art pieces purchased in New York. Taking advantage of the company’s headquarters in NH, the state he had empty art boxes shipped to New Hampshire; in actuality the masterpieces were sent to his new apartment in Manhattan. Kowalski evaded ore than one million dollars in sales tax. Kowalski continued to spend money. He was into sailing and spent fifteen million dollars on the Endeavourer, a so-called I-Class vessel, that was built for British aviation pioneer and yachtsman Thomas Sop with to compete in the 1934 America’s Cup.

Kowalski gave away millions of dollars to schools, charities in Nantucket, New York and Maine. He spared no cost in acquiring his homes. In 1 997, Kowalski spent five million dollars on his Nantucket home, he purchased a Mediterranean style mansion in Boca Florida for nineteen million dollars, he also bought a ski lodge in Colorado and a sixteen lions dollar corporate apartment in Manhattan, paid for with Taco money. Kowalski spent SSI million on apartment interior, which included a six thousand dollar shower curtain and $15 thousand dog shaped umbrella stand and an additional $2 million for his wife’s fortieth birthday party in Sardinia.

What role did Taco’s corporate culture play in the scandal? Kilowatt’s charismatic leadership style combined with the firms decentralized structure meant that few people, including the board of directors, accurately understood the firms activities and finances. Those who did where shot down and his gusting of employees who were critical of his decisions are indicators of Kilowatt’s unethical behavior. (case study) Top management provides a blueprint for what a firm’s corporate culture should be.

If the leaders fail to express desired behaviors and goals, a corporate culture will evolve on its own, but it will still reflect the values and norms of the company. 8 Taco did not really have this blueprint until after the scandal. Now they have a ethics code that everyone must read and be reminded each year. Funny how everyone in the company needs to do this because of a few others that had no ethics. The people hat have ethics and morals already know how to act. The chief executive officer, (CEO) is the corporate executive responsible for the operations of the firm and reports to a board of directors.

The chief Financial Officer (SCOFF) is the corporate executive having financial authority to make appropriations and authorize expenditures for a firm. Could the blame of the scandal be put on Executive Compensation? Executives are compensated with high salaries to lead and ensure that the vision and goals of the company are followed, common vision is to be ethical while building the future of the firm and be profitable. The executive road and senior officers are the responsible people that decide how the company will make the profits. Hopefully, ethically and legally.

I think most of the people that go wrong such as the Enron, Taco and BP lose focus on how to stay profitable. If someone offered you millions to produce, you would do what you could to make it happen. Then after having a taste of the “other” side and what wealth can bring you, it is hard to stop. Know this may be a stretch but could Kilowatt’s family be involved with the decision-making? The risks that Kowalski took, not so much from hurting the company, but by his own stupidity was to pep that lifestyle going. If we scaled back the compensation to executives and even sports stars, maybe we would have some of our problems today.

White- collar crimes do more damage in monetary and emotional loss in one year than the crimes of the street over several years combined. In the case of Taco, employees did not lose any of their savings. The company took a huge hit as the reputation of Taco was changed. Now years later they are still a billion dollar company. In the case against Kowalski he created the trust and respect of others on the board. The board of directors (which were also charged) were aware of what was going on. Was there power abuse by Kowalski? Were the other board members hesitant to talk about what was going on?

Everyone that knew him respected him and trusted what he did for the company. Why is Kowalski, now a prisoner for a long time, unrepentant about his conduct as CEO of Taco? He was sentenced for Grand larceny, securities fraud, other crimes, and for stealing $137 million in unauthorized bonuses as well as selling $410 million in inflated stock. Did Dennis Kowalski have a moral philosophy? We know that it means the general system of values which we live. It is the rules of what people use to decide what is right and wrong. I truly believe that he had his own moral philosophy. In his head he did think he was doing the right thing.

He admitted that he was a paid a lot of money and this was because he made a lot of money for the company and all stakeholders. Was he to take his paycheck and make a deposit each week? His lifestyle changed just like you and I would. After a few extra overtime hours I treat myself to the better beer never mind if got millions. Dennis did not (in his own head) feel he was doing wrong. Kowalski maintains his innocent that he did nothing wrong because of the corporate culture at Taco. A company’s history of unwritten rules and value on success by any means encouraged by extravagant salaries created a reward power culture.

This culture was further confirmed by the unethical behavior of several directors. Was this behavior accepted and encouraged because Kowalski was making money for all stakeholders, including themselves? Kilowatt’s moral philosophy is that he was taking what was approved by the board of directors, money that was due him, what he earned. In his mind he is or was entitled. Due to the unethical behavior of Taco’s executives the new CEO, Edward Brenner, needed implement a code of ethics in effort to improve the ethical standards of he company.