201 Quiz 11/20/17

Question Answer
Function of the cerebellum Balance, recognize and predict sequence of events during complex movements, and subconsciously provide precise time and appropriate patterns of skeletal muscle contraction
The Choroid Plexus is composed of which type of neuroglia? Eppendymal cells
What are the pathway(s) that CSF takes to get out of the ventricular regions and into the subarachnoid space? Laterial and median apeture
Which of the following is/are pathway(s) that CSF takes to get from the 3rd ventricle to the 4th ventricle? Cerebral aquaduct
The central sulcus is… what separates the precentral gyrus from the postcentral gyrus
The longitudinal fissure is… what separates the left and right hemispheres of the cerebrum
Melatonin is produced in the ______________, which is under the control of the Master Clock, also known as the _________, which regulates circadian rhythms. pineal gland; suprachiasmatic nucleus
The corpus callosum is… a dura mater extension that separates the two hemispheres of the brain, through the longitudinal fissure
The middle cerebellar peduncles connect… the pons to the cerebellum
You're washing dinner dishes and out of the corner of your eye, you catch a glimpse of something moving. What part of the brain was activated for this visual reflex? Superior colliculi
Hypothalamus Regulates body temperature, food intake, water imbalance, thirst, and other homeostatic functions, mediate autonomic nervous system f(x), and control center for the pituitary gland
Which mechanoreceptor will detect deep vibrations? Pacinian corpuscles
Which mechanoreceptor will detect deep continuous sensations? Ruffini endings
Which mechanoreceptor will detect light touch? Meissner's corpuscles
Which mechanoreceptor will detect muscle strech? Muscle spindles
Which mechanoreceptor will detect a stretch in tendons? Golgi tendon organs
Which mechanoreptor will detect a stretch in articular capsules? Joint kinesthetic receptors
The spinal cord extends from _________ to _________ foramen magnum; conus medullaris
Which of the following is an extension of connective tissue from the cauda equina, which anchors the spinal cord to the coccyx? Filum terminale
an extension of connective tissue from the pia mater which anchors the spinal cord to the vertebral column, all the way down the length of the spinal cord. Denticulate ligament
In the Sympathetic NS, the preganglionic neuron enters the paravertebral ganglion via the? White ramus of the rami communicante
In the Sympathetic Nervous System, the preganglionic neuron releases ___________ and the postganglionic neuron releases ______________. acetylcholine; norepinephrine & epinephrine
You notice your respiratory rate has increased drastically to supply your body with oxygen, and similarly, you know that your bronchioles have dilated. What caused this effect? Epinephrine binding to beta 2 receptors on the lungs
During relaxation, decreased contraction of the heart would be controlled by the ______________ and, more specifically, would be signaled by the efferent nerves of the _______________ autonomic nervous system; parasympathetic nervous system
Which of the following is true of parasympathetic nervous system? The preganglionic neuron releases ACh, which binds to nicotinic ACh receptors on the postganglionic neuron; and the postganglionic neuron releases ACh, which binds to muscarinic ACh receptors on the effector tissue
Which of the following is true of the sympathetic nervous system? The preganglionic neuron releases ACh, which binds to nicotinic ACh receptors on the postganglionic neuron; and the postganglionic neuron releases norepinephrine, which binds to alpha receptors on the effector tissue.
Which of the following is/are parasympathetic nervous system effects? Increased digestion, decreased heart and respiratory rate, and glucose is stored in the liver
Remembering how to ride a bicycle is what type of memory? Procedural memory
Remembering prom is what type of memory? Episodic memory
Remembering facts such as who was the first US president is what type of memory? Semantic memory
The correct order of the three meninges from deepest to most superficial is… Pia mater, Arachnoid mater, Dura mater (PAD)
The areas that do NOT have a blood brain barrier? Choroid Plexus, hypothalamus, and pineal gland
Which membrane separates the cerebrum from the cerebellum? Tentorium cerebelli
Which membrane separates the left and right hemispheres of the cerebrum? Falx cerebri
The central sulcus… what separates the precentral gyrus from the post central gyrus
The function of the ______________ is for learned, repetitious, patterned motor skills. The premotor cortex
The neuroglias used for the developement of the blood-brain barrier? Astrocrytes
The Primary Gustatory Cortex is… within the insula and involves taste perception.
Cerebral Lateralization is when… both hemisphere will receive information from the precentral gyrus and the postcentral gyrus.
In order for the two hemispheres to communicate with one another, ______________ fibers will be used. Commissures
In order for the cerebrum to communicate with the lower brain and spinal cord, ___________ fibers will be used. Projection
True or False. The left side of the brain controls things involved with language, math, logic True
Which gland of the diencephalon controls the Pineal gland which produces melatonin to control the sleep-wake cycle? Epithalamus
The Pons play a role in… relaying signals from frontal lobe to cerebellum
Which nucleus regulates the Circadian Rhythms? Suprachiasmatic Nuclei
Which reflex was activated for hearing? Inferior Colliculi
What is Long-Term Potentiation? The synapse is stimulated at high frequency to cause an increased EPSP
The Superior cerebellar peduncles are to… connect the midbrain to the cerebellum
The emotions mad and scared? Amygdala
2. Once Glutamate has diffused through the synapse and binds to AMPA, __________ ions move ___________ the postsynaptic neuron. Na // Into
Crossing over of the ____________ occurs at the Decussation of pyramids within the _____________. Corticospinal tracts // Medulla Oblongata
Which statement best describes the Secondary Order Neurons? Interneurons with the cell body in the dorsal horn and extends to the thalamus
Because of the increased concentration of Na ions in the postganglionic neuron, Nitric Oxide will form. This compound plays a role in… Increasing the release of glutamate causing a greater EPSP
What occurs during a Long-Term Potentiation? Increase growth of post synaptic dendritic spines and Increase in number and size of presynaptic terminals
Which receptors respond to light energy? Photoreceptors
Which receptors respond to a stimuli that causes pain? Nociceptors
Because of the increased concentration of Na ions in the postganglionic neuron, NitricOxide will form. This compound plays a role in… Increasing the release of glutamate causing a greater EPSP
Ventral (anterior) horn and root contains what? voluntary motor neurons
Dorsal(posterior) horn and root contains what? interneuron, sensory axons