Cellular Respiration

Question Answer
What are the two ,metabolic pathways Cellular respiration and photosynthesis
What is metabolism All the chemical reactions in a cell or an organism,
What do enzymes do Speed up chemical reactions and they are usually proteins
What are catabolic pathways Breaking down a large molecule into smaller onesCellular respirationReleases energy and the cell captures the energy
What is an anabolic pathway Building up small molecules into larger ones Photosynthesis Consume energy and takes energy to build up the small molecules "endergonic" consumes
What is kinetic energy Energy of motion Heat energyLight energy
What is potential energy Stored energy Chemical Bonds
What is thermodynamics The study of energy conversions
What is the first law of thermodynamics Energy doesn't change but it can be converted from one form to another
What is the second law of thermodynamics When energy converted from one form to another some is "lost" as heat
What is the disorder of the universe Entropy
What does ATP function as an energy molecule
What is primary productivity Amount of energy that came from the sun that is converted to the potential entry of the chemical bonds in carbohydrates
What is the mitochondria Organelle in the cells
What is the middle of the mitochondria called The mitochondria matrix
What are the three steps in cellular respiration Glycolysis, Pyruvate/Citric Acid Cycle, and Oxidative
What steps in Cellular respiration is there little ATP made Glycolysis and Pyruvate/Citric Acid Cycle
What step in cellular respiration is there a lot of ATP made Oxidative Phosphorylation
What happens in Glycolysis Breaking glucose in half and end up with 2 pyruvate End up with 2 ATP and 2 NADH
What happens in Pyruvate Oxidation/Citric Acid Cycle? Mitochondrial Matrix=carbon gets produced Breaking off of one carbon from pyruvate and it goes off as CO2Running of the citric acid twice for every glucose put in
What is carbon fixation Taking inorganic molecules and making them organic
What is the organelle for photosynthesis Chloroplast
What is the thylakoid Its in chloroplast and its important stuff with photosynthesis and there is chlorophyll in the thylakoid
Short wavelength typically have what kind of energy Higher energy
Longer wavelengths typically have what kind of energy Lower energy
What is used to go from ATP to ADP Hydrolisis
Is ATP stable or unstable? Unstable
Is ADP short term storage or long term storage Short Term
What kind of molecules are Glycogen and Starch Stable MoleculesLong term storage of energy
Is energy put in or out to go from ADP to ATP Energy in put in
Is energy put in or out to go from ATP to ADP Energy is taken out
What law of thermodynamics does Photosynthesis follow The second law
How does photosynthesis work Start with an inorganic molecule Uses energy from the sunTurns into an organic molecule=Carbohydrate
What kind of pathway does photosynthesis use AnabolicIt builds up a small molecule to a larger one
What is endergonic and what pathway does it take place in Consuming of energy and Anabolic
What is exergonic and what pathway does it take place in Releasing of energy and Catabolic
What happens in Cellular Respiration You start with an organic molecule (Carb)Then energy is extracted (ATP)Turn into an inorganic molecule (CO2 + H20)
How do you get from NAD to NADH NAD picks up an electron
How do you get from NADH to NAD NADH drops off an electron
What happens in Oxidative Phosphorylation NADH and FADH dump off their electrons and turn into NAD and FAD
What then happens in the Electron Transport Chain NAD and FAD Electrons are given to Oxygen Then breaks oxygens double bond Grabs H+ and becomes water
During photosynthesis, what is the process called going from an inorganic molecule to an organic one Carbon Fixation
What is the Calvin cycle responsible for making Carbohydrates
What does the Calvin cycle have to start with Inorganic Carbons in the from of CO2
Where does the energy come from to power the Calvin cycle ATP
Where do light reactions happen Within the Thylakoid
What is the enzyme used in the Calvin cycle to go from inorganic to organic Rubisco Enzyme
Whats the hoover dam example -Water behind the dam is Potential Energy- Water gains KE and loses PE by allowing it to move down through the dam-KE of the water moving to turbine – Turbine turning is KE of electricity
What trophic level uses photosynthesis Producers
What trophic level uses Cellular Respiration Primary
How much energy do adults need 2,200 Kcal and its 150lbs of ATP
Where does Glycolysis take place Cytosol
How many chemical reactions happen in Glycolysis 10
What is Glycolysis 1 Glucose goes in 2 3 carbon molecules of pyruvate come out 2 ATP is made
What happens in the Pyruvate Oxidation Each 3 Caron pyruvate is converted to 3 CO2 2 ATP is produced
Does ATP Synthesis require energy or release it Requires energy
Does ATP hydrolysis require or release energy Releases it
What is the input and output for the light reactions Input: Light, ADP, H20, and NADPOutput: O2, ATP, NADPH
What is the input and output of the Calvin cycle Input: ATP and NADPHOutput: ADP, Pi, and NADP