CHAPTER 8 SKIN DISORDERS AND DISEASES

Question Answer
Approximately ______ percent of skin aging is caused by the rays of the sun. 80 to 85 percent
It is recommended that you wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least _____ on a daily basis. 15
A ______ is an abnormal rounded solid lump larger than a papule and located above, within, or under the skin. Tuburcle
Congenital hypopigmentation, or absence of melanin pigment of the body, including the skin, hair, and eyes. Albinism
an allergy to an ingredient or a chemical, usually caused by repeated skin contact with the chemical. Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD)
Cannot survive in the presence of oxygen. Anaerobic
Deficiency in perspiration, often a result of fever or certain skin diseases. Anhidrosis
Most common and least severe type of skin cancer; often characterized by light or pearly nodules. Basal Cell Carcinoma
Foul-smelling perspiration, usually noticeable in the armpits or on the feet, that is caused by bacteria. Bromhidrosis
Large blister containing a watery fluid; similar to a vesicle but larger. Bulla
"liver spots" ; condition characterized by hyperpigmentation on the skin in spots that are not elevated. Chloasma
"whitehead" ; hair follicle is closed and not exposed to the environment; sebum remains a white or cream color and comedian appears as small bump just under the skin surface. Closed Comedo
"pinkeye" ; common bacterial infection of the eyes; extremely contagious Conjunctivitis
An inflammation of the skin caused by having contact with certain chemicals or substances. Contact Dermatitis
Dead cells that form over a wound or blemish while it is healing; an accumulation of sebum and pus, sometimes mixed with epidermal material. Crust
Closed, abnormally developed sac that contains fluid, pus, semifluid, or morbid matter above or below the skin. Cyst
Inflammatory condition of the skin. Dermatitis
Abnormal colorations of the skin that accompany many skin disorders and systemic disorders. Dyschromias
An inflammatory, uncomfortable, and often chronic disease of the skin, characterized by moderate to sever inflammation, scaling, and sometimes severe itching. Eczema
Skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping. Excoriation
Primarily environmental factors that contribute to aging and the appearance of aging. Extrinsic Factors
A crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis. Fissure
Unstable molecules that cause biochemical aging, especially wrinkling and sagging of the skin Free radicals
Recurring viral infection that often presents as a fever blister or cold sore Herpes Simplex
Excessive sweating, caused by heat or general body weakness. Hyperhidrosis
Darker than normal pigmentation, appearing as dark splotches. Hyperpigmentation
Abnormal growth of the skin. Hypertrophy
Absence of pigment, resulting in light or white splotches. Absence of pigment, resulting in light or white splotches.
Contagious bacterial skin infection characterized by weeping lesions. Impetigo
Skin-aging factors over which we have little control. Intrisic Factors
occurs when irritating substances temporarily damage the epidermis. Irritant Contact Dermatitis (ICD
Thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue. Keloid
Acquired, superficial, thickened patch of epidermis. Keratoma
Technical term for freckles; small yellow-colored to brown-colored spots on skin exposed to sunlight and air. Lentigines
Mark on the skin; may indicate an injury or damage that changes the structure of tissues or organs. Lesion
Skin disorder characterized by light abnormal patches; caused by a burn or congenital disease that destroys the pigment-producing cells. Leukoderma
Flat spot or discoloration on the skin, such as a freckly or a red spot left after a pimple has healed. Macule
Most serious form of skin cancer; often characterized by black or dark brown patches on the skin that may appear uneven in texture, jagged, or raised. Malignant Melanoma
Benign, keratin-filled cysts that can appear just under the epidermis and have no visible opening. Milia
"prickly heat" ; an acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands, characterized by the eruption of small red vesicles and accompanies by burning, itching pain. Miliaria rubra
Small, brownish spot or blemish on the skin, ranging in color from pale tan to brown or bluish black. Mole
"birthmark" ; small or large malformation of the skin due to abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries. Nevus
A solid bump larger than .4 inches (1 cm) that can be easily felt. Nodule
Product that has been designed and proven not to clog the follicles Noncomedogenic
Lesions that are a different color than the color of the skin, and/or lesions that are raised above the surface of the skin. Primary Lesions
Skin disease characterized by red patches covered with silver-white scales; usually found on the scalp, elbows, knees, chest, and lower back Psoriasis
The hereditary tendency for acne-prone skin to retain dead cells in the follicle, forming an obstruction that clogs follicles for exacerbates inflammatory acne lesions such as papules and pustules. Retention Hyperkeratosis
Chronic condition that appears primarily on the cheeks and nose, and is characterized by flushing, telangiectasis, and in some cases, the formation of papules and pustules. Rosacea
Any thin dry or oily plate of epidermal flakes. (example would be excessive dandruff) Scale
"cicatrix" ; a lightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed. Scar
A large protruding pocket-like lesion filled with sebum. Sebaceous Cyst
Skin condition caused by an inflammation of the sebaceous glands. It is often characterized by redness, dry or oily scaling, crusting, and/or itchiness. Seborrheic Dermatitis
Characterized by piles of material on the skin surface, such as a crust or scab, or depressions in the skin surface, such as an ulcer Secondary Skin Lesions
Allergic reaction created by repeated exposure to a chemical or a substance. Sensitization
A small brown-colored or flesh-colored outgrowth of the skin. Skin Tag
Type of skin cancer more serious than basal cell carcinoma; often characterized by scaly red papules or nodules. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Abnormal brown-colored or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular and/or irregular shape. Stain
Change in pigmentation of skin caused by exposure to the sun or ultraviolet light. Tan
Distended or dilated surface blood vessels Telangiectasis
Abnormal, rounded, solid lump above, within, or under the skin; larger than a papule. Tubercle
An abnormal mass varying in size, shape and color Tumor
Open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth and possibly weeping fluids or pus. Ulcer
wart" ; hypertrophy of the papillae and epidermis. Verruca
Small blister or sac containing clear fluid, lying within or just beneath the epidermis. Vesicle
Hereditary condition that causes hypopigmented spots and splotches on the skin; may be related to thyroid conditions. Vitiligo
Itchy, swollen lesion that lasts only a few hours; caused by a blow or scratch, the bite of an insect, urticaria, or the sting of a nettle. (such as hives or mosquito bites) Wheal