Gen. Science History Apology Exploring Creation with General Science Mod #1

Term Definition
Science An endeavor dedicated to the accumulation and classification of observable facts in order to formulate general laws about the natural world
Imhotep He was renowned knowledge medicine
penicillin A chemical that killed germs that infect wounds
poppy seeds Used to treat pain with morphine and codeine
morphine and codeine Pain relieving drug
Papyrus An ancient form of paper, made from a plant of the same name
Thales, Anaximander and Anaximenes Many historians view these three individuals as humanity's first real scientists
atoms Electrons and a compact nucleus of protons and neutrons. An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element. Every solid, liquid, gas, and plasma is composed of neutral or ionized atoms.
Leucippus Historians believe that he built on the concepts of Anaximenes and proposed that all matter is composed of little units called atoms
Democritus He believed that all matter was like sand and studied atoms
density How compact the atoms are in an object
Aristotle The father of life science
spontaneous generation The idea that living organisms can generate from non living substances
Archimedes He applied mathematical formulas to explain why certain thing happen the way they do
Ptolemy He studied the heavens and came up with the geocentric system
Geocentric System A system were the earth is in the middle
Ptolemaic System The geocentric system
alchemy Mixing items to try make a different items
chemical reation One or more substance interact to form another
Dark Ages A time that little was learned
encyclopedias The accumulation of data and ideas
constellations A group of stars forming a recognizable pattern that is traditionally named after its apparent form or identified with a mythological figure. Modern astronomers divide the sky into eighty-eight constellations with defined boundaries.
supernova The brilliant point of light is the explosion of a star that has reached the end of its life.
nebula A nebula is an interstellar cloud of dust, hydrogen, helium and other ionized gases
Robert Grosseteste He wanted to explain why things happened the way they did
Dietrich von Freilberg Built on Grosseteste work and was able to offer an expiation
Roger Bacon He proposed experiments that, when preformed, showed that goat's blood had no effect whatsoever on diamonds
Thomas Bradwardine He was one of the first to view scientist to examine many of Aristotle's ideas critically
Nicholas of Cusa He studied the plaints and the stars he was the first to brake the Ptolemy system
Nicolaus Copernicus He believed that Ptolemy's view was wrong and proposed the heliocentric system
Heliocentric System A system that Nicolaus Copernicus proposed
Copernican System The heliocentric system
Johannes Kepler Studied the heavens
Galileo Galilei He was a well respected science and worked with telescopes
Blaise Pascal He was a brilliant philosopher, mathematician, and scientist
atmospheric pressure The pressure exerted by the weight of the atmosphere
Sir Isaac Newton The greatest scientist in history
Robert Boyle The founder of modern chemistry
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek He looked threw the first microscope
Carolus Linnaeus He published a book trying to classify
Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier the first to realize matter cannot be destroyed but can only change forms
Law of Mass Conservation The law that states matter cannot be destroyed but can only change forms
John Dalton proposed the atomic theory
Atomic Theory the theory that matter consists of indivisible particles called atoms and that atoms of a given element are all identical and can neither be created nor destroyed
Charles R. Darwin The father of evolution
natural selection It is a process were lets say a deer has thin fur in a cold climate will he live most likely not, so the deer with thick fur will live and have kids and pass the thick fur down to the kids
Louis Pasteur Invented pasteurization
pasteurization it is a process used to keep milk from souring
Sir Charles Lyell found evidence to "prove" that it is millions of years old
Gregor Mendel formed the entire field of modern genetics
genetics how traits are passed on from parent to offspring
Michael Faraday experiments and ideas abut electricity led to him getting the nick name electrical giant
James Clerk Maxwell founder of modern physics
electromagnetism Electromagnetism is a branch of physics involving the study of the electromagnetic force, a type of physical interaction that occurs between electrically charged particles.
James Joule determent that energy cannot be destroyed nor created but it can change form
First Law of Thermodynamics The law of conservation of energy states that the total energy of an isolated system is constant; energy can be transformed from one form to another, but can be neither created nor destroyed.
Max Planck proposed an ingenious idea much like matter exists in tiny packets calked atoms and energy exists in tiny packets called quanta
Albert Einstein Einstein was able to enplane the "unexplainable" problem using the idea of quanta
Bohr Model Niels Bohr's picture model of a atom
Niels Bohr developed a picture of a atom
classification the action or process of classifying something according to shared qualities or characteristics.
classification the action or process of classifying something according to shared qualities or characteristics.
Alexander the great Alexander III of Macedon, commonly known as Alexander the Great, was a king of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty
evolution Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations
chemical reaction A physical change, such as a state change or dissolving, . In a chemical reaction, the atoms and molecules that interact with each other are called reactants. In a chemical reaction, the atoms and molecules produced by the reaction are called products.
T or F: scientific progress depends on not only scientist but it depends on agriculture True
T or F: science progresses by building on the work of other scientist True
T or F: science can prove anything False
ellipse a regular oval shape, traced by a point moving in a plane so that the sum of its distances from two other points
foci (focus) a central point, as of attraction, attention, or activity
microscope an optical instrument used for viewing very small objects, such as mineral samples or animal or plant cells, typically magnified several hundred times
enlightenment The Enlightenment was an intellectual and philosophical movement which dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century
combustion the process of burning something
industrial revolution The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
immutability of the species The idea that each individual species on the planet was specially created by God and could never fundamentally change. The idea that species were immutable by many pre-Darwin biologists
geologist A geologist is a scientist who studies the solid and liquid matter that constitutes the Earth as well as the processes that shape it
quanta a discrete quantity of energy proportional in magnitude to the frequency of the radiation it represents.
quantum mechanics also known as quantum physics or quantum theory, including quantum field theory, is a branch of physics which is the fundamental theory of nature at the smallest scales of energy levels of atoms and subatomic particles.