Government Ch.2 Chapter 2 Vocab

Term Definition
Limited Government Basic principle of American government which states that government is restricted in what it may do and each individual has rights that government CANNOT take away.
Representative Government System of government in which public policies are made by officials selected by the voters and held accountable in periodic elections.
Magna Carta Great Charter forced upon King John of England by his barons in 1215; established that the power of monarchy was not absolute and guaranteed trial by jury and due process of law to the nobility.
Petition of Rights Document prepared by Parliament and signed by King Charles I of England in 1682; challenged the idea of the divine right of kings and declared that even the monarch was subject to the laws of the land
English Bill of Rights Document written up by Parliament and agreed on by William and Mary of England in 1689, designed to prevent abuse of power by English monarchs; Forms the basis for much in American government and politics today
Charter A city's basic law, it's constitution; a written grant of authority from the King.
Three-Fifths Compromise An agreement at the Constitutional Convention to count a slave as three-fifths of a person when determining the population of a state.
Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise An agreement during the Constitutional Convention protecting slave holders; denied Congress the power to tax the export of goods from any state and for 20 years the power to act on the slave trade.
Federalists Those persons who supported the ratification of the Constitution in 1787-1788
Anti-Federalist Those persons who opposed the ratification of the Constitution in 1787-1788Ex. Patrick Henry, John Hancock, Samuel Adams
Bicameral An adjective describing a legislative body composed of TWO CHAMBERS
Unicameral An adjective describing a legislative body with ONE CHAMBER
Boycott A refusal to buy or sell certain goods
Constitution The body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government
Popular Sovereignty Basic principle of the American system of government which asserts that the people are the source of only with the consent of the governed
Ratification Formal approval, final consent to the effectiveness of a constitution, constitutional amendment or treaty
Articles of Confederation Plan of government adopted by the continental Congress after the American Revolution; established "a firm league of friendship" among the states, but allowed few important powers to the central government
Proprietor A person to whom the King had made a grant of landEx. William Penn
Quorum Least number of members who must be present for a legislative body to conduct business; majority
Framers Group of delegates who drafted the United States Constitution at the Philadelphia Convention in 1787
Virginia Plan Plan presented by delegates from VA at the Constitutional Convention; called for a three-branch government with a BICAMERAL legislature in which each states membership would be determined by its population or its financial support for the central gov
New Jersey Plan Plan presented as an ALTERNATIVE to the Virginia Plan at the Constitutional Convention; Called for a UNICAMERAL legislature in which each state would be equally represented.
Connecticut Compromise Agreement during the Constitutional Convention that Congress should be composed of a Senate in which states would be represented equally and a House in which representation would be based on a states population
Burgess A legislative representive
Intolerable Acts In a series of new laws, parliament closed the port of Boston (until the Tea was paid for) and strictly limited self government in Massachusetts