Tests & Measurments The spine and TMJ

Question Answer
What part of the spine has the greatest ROM and has what type of curve – Cervical – Lordotic
What part of the spine has the greatest amount of protection and what type of curve – Thoracic – Kyphotic
What type of spine has an equal balance of protection and ROM and what type of curve – Lumbar- Lordotic
What are the 6 Malalignments of posture – Kyphosis – Forward head – Flatback- Swayback- Lordosis- Scoliosis
For a lateral evaluation for posture what 3 things must you look for – Position of knees- Position of head- Position of trunk
For a anterior and posterior evaluation for posture what 3 things must you look for – Position of feet- Position of lower extremities/pelvis- Position of trunk /head
The scapula rests on what ribs and what vertebra is the scapula spine at – 2-7- T3
What are the 3 vertebral joints – Zygopophyseal (sup and inf articulating facets)- Costovertebral (rib and thoracic)- Intervertebral (verterbral bodies)
What part of the spine allows lots of mobility in all directions – Cervical spine
What part of the spine allows more side-bending and rotation – Thoracic spine
What part of the spine allows more flexion and extension – Lumbar spine
What are the 5 supporting ligaments of the spine – Anterior longitudinal ligament- Posterior longitudinal ligament- Ligamentum Flavum (yellow)- Interspinous ligament- Supraspinatus ligament
What joint allows for active nodding – Atlanto-occipital joint
What percentage of the total cervical ROM occurs at the AA joint and how many articulations does it have – 55%- 3 separate articulations
What are the 7 major neck muscles – SCM- Longus Colli- Scalenes – Levator scapulae – Splenius capitis – Trapezius – Suboccipital muscles
What are the 4 ROM and values for the neck and spine – Flexion – 40- Extension – 50- Lateral flexion – 20-25- Rotation – 50
What is the special test for the head and neck – Foraminal Compression test (spurling)
What are the 4 important parts of the sternum – Suprasternal notch- SC joint- Sternal angle – Xiphisternal junction
What 2 muscles help with respiration – External intercostal muscles (elevates ribs)- Internal intercostal muscles (depresses ribs)
What 2 muscles help with rotating trunk – External oblique muscle (rotate opposite side)- Internal oblique muscle (rotate same side)
What muscle helps with compression of the abdomen – Transversus abdominal
What muscle flexes trunk compresses abdomen and depresses ribs – Rectus abdomen
What is the spinal flexor – Quadratus lumborum
What are the 3 superficial spinal extensors – Spinalis group- Longissimus group- Iliocostalis group
What are the 5 Deep spinal extensors – Semispinalis group- Multifidus muscle- Interspinalis muscles – Intertransversarii muscle- Rotatores muscles
What are 3 things to look out for when looking at the Thoracic spine – Breathing patterns- Bilateral comparison of skin folds- Shape of chest
What are 3 things to look out for at the lumbar spine – general movement – Lordotic curvature – Standing posture
What are the ROM and Values for the Thoracic and Lumbar – Flexion – 4" with measureing tape, 55-60 with inclinometer- Extension – 20-30- Side bending (lateral flexion) – 35- Rotation – 45
What is a implications for Functional scoliosis and Structural scoliosis – Functional scoliosis disappears during flexion – Structural scoliosis is present at rest and during flexion
What are the 4 special tests for the Thoracic and lumbar spine – Valsalva Maneuver – Spring test- Unilateral SLR- Slump test
What are the 6 innominate (ilium) motions – Anterior rotation- Posterior rotation – Inflare- Outflare- Upslip – Downslip
What are the 3 Positional SIJ tests – SI joint fixation test and Gillet test- SI joint Stress test and squish test – Long sitting test
How many joints does the TMJ have – Upper and Lower joint
The Trigeminal Nerve (CN V)provides sensations to the face through what 3 divisions – Opthalmic- Maxillary- Mandibular
The Facial Nerve (CN VII) is a branch of nerves that go to what 5 structures – Temporal – Zygomatic- Buccal- Mandibular- Cervical
The TMJ allows motion in how many planes and axes – 3 and 3
What are the 5 movements
What is the grading of the MMT for mastication – F- functional- WF – weak functional- NF – non functional – 0 – absent
What is the special test for the TMJ – Chvosteks sign