This article provides answers to the following themes: the nature of leadership styles of nurse managers, staff nurse perception of leadership styles used by nurse managers, and the style of leadership used y nurse managers as deemed appropriate for quality and effective care. A qualitative, exploitative, and descriptive design is utilized to identify and categorize themes and key issues. This study was conducted in nursing units of two hospitals in Ghana.
Questionnaires, face-to-face interviews, and field notes were conducted to enhance the validity of data and to capture significant statements to complete the analysis. Findings of this study suggest that employee dissatisfaction and less motivation may discourage young nurses who may want to minimize psychological stress or salvage their future. The sample participants of this study preferred more proactive, articulate, and independent leaders who will fight the interest of nursing. Tummies, G. , Landowners, J. & van Emerged, G. (2002). Organization, work and work reactions: a study of the relationship between organizational aspects of nursing and nurses’ work characteristics and work reactions. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 16(1), 52- 58. Job dissatisfaction and turnover are recurring themes in nursing. Characteristics of the work environment greatly influence a nurse’s outlook on job satisfaction. This article addresses the relationships of organizational aspects, work characteristics, and job satisfaction of nurses.
Three relationships are examined in this study: the relationship between organizational aspects and work characteristics, the relationships between work characteristics and work reactions, and the relationships between organizational aspects and work reactions and the role of work characteristics in explaining these relationships. A quantitative design is utilized to describe the relationships that exist between organizational aspects, work characteristics, and work reactions.
Nurses from two hospitals in the Netherlands were issued questionnaires to measure the variables presented in this study. The results of this study are only tentative related to the self-reporting nature of the data and the correlation analysis enforced. However, the authors conclude that organizations must improve autonomy, reduce workload, and pay close attention to the organizational aspects because they may influence the work characteristics in an effort to improve job satisfaction and to reduce complaints.