When we think of leadership, we often think first of famous individuals. We may think of great political leaders: Washington, Churchill, Roosevelt. We may think of the leaders of social movements: Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Caesar Achieve. In fact, leadership is many different things to different people in different circumstances. Obviously, leadership is not always or automatically good in and of itself. We are quickly reminded of the notion that power corrupts and that absolute power corrupts absolutely.
When we look at leadership in communities we see many leaders who may never come famous but whose leadership is essential to the life of the community. We begin to see leaders all around us. But would they be good leaders with positive intentions and ethical views? Would they be ethical leaders? The rapidly changing face of the world of politics here and internationally has offered up some rather interesting organizational phenomena that have served to challenge traditional views on everything from the practice of management to the conduct of production processes.
One of the best ethical leaders in modern American politics is Elizabeth Dole she perfectly fits to definition of strong leader UT also very ethical leader. But what defines a leader and most importantly what defines an ethical leader? Management studies describe leadership as “ability to influence individuals or groups toward the achievement of goals. Leadership, as a process, shapes the goals of a group or organization, motivates behavior toward the achievement of those goals, and helps define group or organizational culture. ” It is primarily a process of influence.
Leadership is a dynamic or changing process in the sense that, while influence is always present, the persons exercising that influence may change. Possession of influence upends upon the situation and upon the relevancy of the individual’s skills and abilities to the situation. Although many politics are able to influence followers to work toward the achievement of organizational goals, the conferring of formal authority on politic does not necessarily make that individual a leader. Yes, that individual has authority, but whether or not they are able to influence their subordinates may depend on more than just that authority.
Not all leaders are managers, and similarly, not all managers are leaders. Within a team environment, manager and leader are simply roles taken on by members of the team. Most teams require politic as a leader to “manage” coordinate, schedule, liaise, contact, organize, procure their affairs. The functions of this role may well be quite different from those of the leader. Politician roles need not presuppose any ability to influence but to lead people in most ethical way. An ethical leader, on the other hand, must have the ability to influence other team members.
An ethical leader must, by definition, have followers. To understand leadership, we must explore the relationship leaders have with their followers. One view of leadership sees it as a transactional process whereby leaders spend to subordinates’ basic lower level and security needs. Ethical leadership can be defined as- Non coercive relationship which means to be a leader with multidimensional goals. Ethical leaders move away from elitist perspective and more to more exclusionary and empowering roles. Ethical leaders intend to real positive changes Ethical leaders develop mutual purposes.
Similar to the exchange theory discussed previously, ethical leaders and subordinates may be viewed as bargaining agents whose relative power regulates an exchange process as benefits are issued and received. Thus, a follower may follow a leader o long as that leader is perceived to be in a position to “deliver” some important needs. The great example of the ethical leader is Elizabeth Dole. Through her whole career she proclaimed positive and ethical aims and embodied all above mentioned characteristic of ethical leader.
Elizabeth Dole has led an extraordinary public service career in which she has served six United States Presidents and has been named by the Gallup Poll as one of the world’s ten most admired women. Born and raised in Salisbury, North Carolina, Elizabeth Dole was apparently always diligent. She obtained excellent grades and won he prize in an essay writing competition offered annually by the Daughters of the Confederacy. Her classmates voted her “Most Likely to Succeed,” and would often remark that she would one day be a First Lady or a President. Following in her brother’s footsteps, she attended Duke University.
She was elected president of the Women’s Student Government Association. Elizabeth Dole left Duke with a bachelor’s degree in political science, with recognition as Student Leader of the Year, Phi Beta Kappa and was the May Queen. She then went on to earn her law degree from Harvard Law School as well as obtaining a master’s n education and government from Harvard. Elizabeth Dole headed the White House Office of Consumer Affairs under both Presidents Johnson and Nixon. It was there that she began a career-long dedication to public safety, for which she received the National Safety Council’s Distinguished Service Award in 1989.
In February 1983, Elizabeth Dole joined President Reggae’s Cabinet as Secretary of Transportation – the first woman to hold that position. During her four years at Transportation, the United States enjoyed the safest years in its history in all three major areas – rail, air, and highway. Some of her many safety initiatives included a new regulation which required air bags or automatic safety belts in all new cars and spawned safety belt laws in 36 states and the District of Columbia. She led the crusade to raise the drinking age to 21; directed the overhaul of the aviation safety inspection system.
She has worked to help shatter the “glass ceiling” for America’s working women and minorities, increase safety and health in the workplace, upgrade the skills of the American work force, and improve relations between labor and management, playing a key role in bringing the parties together to resolve the bitter eleven month Pittston Coal Strike. In 1993, Women Executives in State Government honored Elizabeth Dole with their Lifetime Achievement Award for her many achievements in helping women and minorities break through the “glass ceiling. Also this year, she was selected for induction into the Safety and Health Hall of Fame International for her numerous transportation, workplace, and blood safety accomplishments. She went on to receive the North Carolina Press Association’s first “North Carolinian of the Year” Award. As President of the American Red Cross, Elizabeth Dole oversaw nearly 30,000 staff members and more than 1. 5 million volunteers who comprise the oral’s foremost humanitarian organization. She was a member of that volunteer force in 1991, taking no salary her first year. The American Red Cross provides 52% of America’s blood supply.
While blood is “overwhelmingly safe,” to quote the Food and Drug Administration, four months into her presidency, Elizabeth Dole secured approval of the organization’s Board of Governors to launch a sweeping $148 million state of the art blood system which will be able to quickly and efficiently incorporate medical technology as it evolves. Following two years of record breaking natural disasters, Elizabeth Dole launched an aggressive life campaign that raised $172 million dollars in 1992 to assist victims of disasters including Hurricanes Andrew and Inks.
Elizabeth Dole certainly has the political credentials as well as strong other values. She understands how to be powerful and yet remain human, warm and sincere. She understands the importance of integrity, morality, and accountability in government. With all the scandal that Bill Clinton has brought to Washington, observers say that Mrs.. Dole’s strong religious and traditional values could work as a remedy. If our country will ever be ready for a ethical leader in the Oval Office it is now, with Elizabeth Dole.
There will be, however, significant electoral, institutional, and constitutional ramifications if she is elected. First of all, the Electoral College will be jumbled. As Elizabeth Dole is a strong member of the Republican Party, electing a woman to the presidential office is a very democratic move. Therefore, many of the Democratic electoral voters may cast their votes in the direction of Elizabeth Dole, rather than their own presidential candidate, and vice versa for the Republican electoral voters.
These electoral voters will be in a cross- pressured situation that will blur the outcome of the election to a certain degree. The institutional effects of Elizabeth Dole’s election to office will be in two major parts: (1) Her ethical leadership of the American Red Cross as well as her association with and involvement in the American political system will adhere to a knowledge of those and similar institutions, and (2) the mass media will curb the campaigns with an instance never before been seriously tampered with.
Although many may argue against Elizabeth Dole’s ability to act as Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, she seems to have the confidence and the aid to do so. Furthermore, the Presidency has become an institution itself, containing many aids, helping in the decision-making procedure and the management of domestic policy, economic policy, foreign affairs, congressional relations, and public relations. Her knowledge both of executive power as well as working closely with executives and their aids (referring to U.
S. Presidents) has given her tremendously valuable experience that readies her for her tasks as a President of the United States. Now, the mass media always has a great influence in the public opinion of politics due to their coverage and choice of material presented to this public. This can be looked upon as an advantage or Elizabeth Dole. The media will, without fail, give special attention to her campaign, for she is the first woman and great ethical leader in American history to have a prospect of securing the Presidency.
Statistics have shown that voters tend to favor those candidates who have a combination of sufficient media coverage and charisma, the latter of which Elizabeth Dole undeniably possesses. Therefore, with this ensemble and her qualifications, Elizabeth Dole will be giving the public eye something they’ve been waiting to see in a presidential candidate… The background, the experience, the disposition, the intelligence ND the integrity to run our country with our full faith. The Constitutional effects have much to do with Elizabeth Dole’s platform as well as the intermingling of powers and ethical leadership.
These days, our federal government maintains numerous and indefinite powers as the states hold few. The Federal Government has become too big, too complex, too bureaucratic. Research indicates that transformational, as compared to transactional, ethical leadership is more strongly correlated with lower turnover rates, higher productivity, and higher peoples satisfaction. Elizabeth Dole as ethical leader stimulates followers intellectually, arousing them to develop new ways to think about problems. The leader uses contingent rewards to positively reinforce performances that are consistent with the leader’s wishes.
Management is by exception. The leader takes initiative only when there are problems and is not actively involved when things are going well. The good ethical leader commits people to action and converts followers into leaders. Therefore we can say that Elizabeth Dole is definitely one of the best ethical leaders in our modern world. While it is important to have leaders with the appropriate orientation defining tasks ND managing interrelationships, it is even more important to have ethical leaders who can bring organizations into futures they have not yet imagined.