Features of Charismatic Leadership: Mahathir Mohamad

When the news of the arrest was announced to the public by the media regarding the arrest of his former Political Secretary, Tune Dry Empathic Mohammad remained calmed although questions and suspicions arose over the constitution on which the administration had used to govern the country, especially since there were still traces of communists movement left in Malaysia then. As a result, for the first time in the history of Malaysia, three Soviet palmist were deported and the Malaysian police found equipments supplied to Side Choose by the Soviet KGB, supposedly used to document State secrets. Morass, J. Victor. Empathic: a profile in courage. Malaysia: Eastern Universities Press (M) Sad Bad, 1982. P 15) Tune Dry Empathic Mohammad dismissed the fears of the Malaysian people by stressing that ‘the activities of Side do not in any way mean that NOUN had been influenced by communist ideology. ‘ (Morass, J. Victor. Empathic: a profile in courage. Malaysia: Eastern Universities Press (M) Sad Bad, 1982. P 152) His dance and demeanor over the incident was so remarkable that it seemed with, but a single remark, he crushed all doubts with nothing -just his confidence.

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And, the people returned that same confidence to him. Vision Tune Dry Empathic Mohammad envisaged Malaysia as a self-sufficient industrial, Malay -centric developed nation with an economy that will be eight times stronger than it was when this ideal was tabled during the Sixth Malaysia plan in 1991. This vision had come to be called as Wasn’t 2020. The word Wasn’t literally means ‘vision’ in the Bash Malaysia (used to be termed Bash Namely. The change has its relation with this vision in developing the nation….. ).

In this vision, 9 challenges had been outlined by the former premier: 1. To form a nation that stands as one. 2. To produce a Malaysian community that has freedom, strength, and full of self-confidence. 3. To develop a mature democratic community. 4. To form a community that has high morale, ethics and religious strength. 5. To cultivate a community that is matured and tolerant. 6. To form a progressive science community. 7. To cultivate a community rich in values and loving culture. 8. To ensure the formation of a community with a fair economy. 9. To cultivate a prosperous community.

This Vision 2020 illustrates both the internal and external policies that Tune Dry Empathic Mohammad had tried to inject into the development of Malaysia. It has always been apparent that he upheld a ‘Buy British Last’ and ‘Look East Policy’ approach, making him infamous with the western world but at the same time, was admired for his courage. (Fame Joan Lie Hind, Lee SC, Maharani Blandishing, R. Regenerated. Tune Dry Matcher’s Legacy. Koala Lumps: Skirts Sad Bad, 2006. ) The basis for this stand is actually driven by Tune Dry Empathic Mahatma’s perception that there is a need to change for the better.

That same perception is what had transformed a common camping boy into one of the most dynamic and visionary statesman in the history of Malaysia. His stance in the development of the country was similar to that of China’s Eden Gapping. Both leaders’ approach towards development were in accordance to the ‘Eastern concept of gradual improvement as manifested in the Japanese kamikaze principle’. (Aziza Czarina Madam, 1954. Matthias Paradigm Shift: the man behind the vision. Malaysia: Firma Malaysia Publishing, 1997. Wasn’t 2020 is an expression of Tune Dry Empathic Mahatma’s vision that the Malay community could one day be ‘transformed into a truly united and economically progressive component of the larger Malaysian society, and that larger Malaysian society which constitutes of diverse ethnic, cultural and religion could be ‘pragmatically transformed into a truly Malaysian race’ by the year 2020. He also saw the need to eliminate the stratification, which undeniably exists within the multiracial community, through economic means in order to legalize this vision (Aziza Czarina Madam).

Strong Conviction The Western countries didn’t particularly empathic with Tune Dry Empathic Mahatma’s effort to influence Malaysian on the ‘Look East Policy’. In fact, they saw it as a sign of hostility and backwardness. They misconstrued the policy as a trade sanction and as a boycott against emulating the Western countries. Tune Dry Empathic Mohammad had to time and again explain that that wasn’t his intentions but rather to follow in the footsteps of Eastern countries like Japan and Korea.

Eventually, the Western countries realized that the underlying reason for such logic wasn’t at all a form of sanction; rather it was the former premier’s intention to only further develop his nation to survive the harsh economics reality of oncoming globalization (Fame Joan Lie Hind). There were too many instances to be mentioned that the former premier’s reputation for rebuking the Western countries had made him unpopular. His strong beliefs allowed him to face the brunt of criticisms by those leaders who disagreed with him, and never to back down.

This earned him great respect from leaders around the globe. One significant incident in the economic history of Malaysia that earned him great respect from leaders and economists around the globe was his measures in countering the 1997 Financial Crisis. The 1997 Financial crisis began with the collapse of the Thai baht when its government decided to float the currency, cutting its peg against the US Dollars. Although the Thai Baht was receiving massive speculative attacks, the Thai government refused to devalue its currency -this was the spark which ignited the Financial Crisis. The collapse rippled throughout the region, and within days, the Malaysian Ringing was subjected to ‘attacks’ by speculators (Kaufman, G. Krueger, HTH. , Hunter, WAC. , 1999. ). In September 1998, Tune Dry Empathic Mohammad, through Malaysia’s Bank Engage, imposed capital controls with the objective of making the trading of the Malaysian Ringing offshore impossible. The move albeit unexpected, set the whole world spinning as it was unorthodox and were condemned by global establishments (Short, Martin). The measures taken were: 1. Conversion of ARM in external accounts or bank accounts of non-residence was subjected to approval. . Sellers of Malaysian shares are compelled to maintain their proceeds in ARM for year if they owned the shares less than a year. 3. The ARM was pegged to the USED at $3. 80 4. All import/exports settlements must be done in foreign currencies. 5. Travelers in/out Malaysia would not be allowed to bring in more than 1000 ARM and; could not take out more foreign currency than originally brought in. 6. Those with ARM accounts outside of Malaysia was given 1 month to repatriate funds back into Malaysia. (Gill, Arrant. Near Abraham: Matcher’s Dilemma. Singapore: Epic Management Services, 1998. With these measures, Malaysia made history in stabilizing its own economy thou having to conform to global financial institutions’ policies, like the International Monetary Fund. Today, the Malaysian measures are widely praised for being innovative and effective. The same International Monetary Fund that heaped skepticism on them has acknowledged that useful lessons can be learnt from the policies that was introduced by Tune Dry Empathic Mohammad. Indeed, it has been argued that all this would not have happened if Tune Dry Empathic Mohammad did not have the strong conviction in him to move forward with his policies.

Environment Although Tune Dry Empathic Mohammad focused importance over the placements within Malaysia, he had managed to influence developments across regions. He was able to initiate awareness across the globe on the need to for countries in South East Asia to have their own economic forum to safeguard their competitive edge over the increasingly protectionist and monopolistic tendencies of the Northern economic superpowers through Malaysia’s vigorous championing of the East Asia Economic Caucus proposal (Aziza Czarina Madam, 1954).

And being an often ‘blunt’ speaker in sending his messages across to world’s community, Tune Dry Empathic Mahatma’s straightforward and no- nonsense approach, despite criticisms, had great impact in attaining the attention of the world’s media and international forums toward Malaysia’s stand on issues affecting the international community. Taking on international and multinational institutions such as the Commonwealth, the OIC, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund was one of his target objectives in making himself heard.

He would fight for reforms of the United Nations and speak of the adverse effects of free and open trade on poor developing countries. Issues on injustices and difficulties of Third World countries that were in debt, environmental issues, human rights, terrorism, rights of the poor and unfair trade practices among the poorer countries were some of his agendas that he tabled when addressing the international communities. Being a champion for these issues, he is often called ‘Voice of the South’ and ‘Champion of the Third World’, among other names due to his outspokenness for the SEAN countries.

Tune Dry Empathic Mohammad stresses the development of education and civilization in the world and for such admirable fight for these causes, he earned the title of ‘Son of the 21st century. Former US President Bill Clinton, charmed by the former premier’s leadership that he even conveyed his amazement (Fame Joan Lie Hind). Change Agent On 22nd February 1979, Tune Dry Empathic Mohammad who was the Deputy Prime Minister then, called for the SEAN Economic Council for Presidents and Prime Ministers of the SEAN countries held in KILL to discuss Singapore airspace problem with Australia.

It also served as a reminder to the more developed countries that, Third World Countries cannot be looked down upon easily. Tune Dry Empathic Mohammad will be remembered by the Third World countries or his leadership in sponsoring the South-South Commission and for stressing the need for all Third World Nations to band together and cooperate to ensure their survival against Western domination of trade and international power. There was an incident where he declined to attend a Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (Fame Joan Lie Hind) that was held in Melbourne, Australia.

His reason for not attending the meeting was because he felt that the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting was not concerned over the plight of the Third World Nations and that it was rather an organization sharing Common Wealth’. His actions prompted the secretariat of the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting to review its focus and operations and made changes to the organization’s agendas that were concerned with the needs of smaller and poorer nations.