Leadership

“Good leadership promotes professionalism renaissance of standards, involving quality of life, service, discipline and total commitment to our Army and the United States of America. ” њDMS Albert Akers Unknown Source: “Don’t begrudge the time you spend developing, coaching and helping your people to grow so they can carry on when you’re gone. It’s one of the best signs of good leadership. ” Bernard Branch John Brown’s Body: “If you take a flat map And move wooden blocks upon it strategically, The thing looks well, the blocks behave as they should. The science of war is moving live men like blocks.

And getting the blocks into place at a fixed moment. But it takes time to mold your men into blocks And flat maps turn into country where, creeks and gullies Hamper your wooden squares. They stick in the brush, They are tired and rest, they straggle after ripe blackberries And you cannot lift them up in your hand and move them… It is all so clear in the maps, so clear in the mind, But the orders are slow, the men in the blocks are slow To move, when they start they take too long on the way The General loses his stars and the blocked die In unsaturated defiance of martial law

Because still used to just being men, not block parts. ” ICC]Stephen Vincent Bent “Command of a Divisional Infantry Battalion in COWS”, Battalion Commanders, Chapter 5: “Use your people by allowing everyone to do his job. When a subordinate is free to do his job, he perceives this trust and confidence from his superiors and takes more pride in his job, himself, and the organization’s goals and objectives. Delegation of sufficient authority and proper use of subordinates helps develop future leaders.

This is a moral responsibility of every commander. ” Stanley Bona Lecture at West Point, 1952: 1 DAD PAM 600065 1 November 1985 The greatest leader in the world could never win a campaign unless he understood the men he had to lead. ” GONE Omar Bradley Military Review, July 1980: “The American soldier is a proud one and he demands professional competence in his leaders. In battle, he wants to know that the job is going to be done right, with no unnecessary casualties.

The noncommissioned officer wearing the chevron is supposed to be the best soldier in the platoon and he is supposed to know how to perform all the duties expected of The American soldier expects his sergeant to be able to teach him how to do his job. And he expects even more room his officers. ” GONE Omar Bradley “Fairness, diligence, sound preparation, professional skill and loyalty are the marks of American military leadership. ” DODGE Omar Bradley “On Leadership”, Parameters, September 1981: “During World War l, while inspecting a certain area, General John J.

Perishing found a project that was not going well, even though the second lieutenant in charge seemed to have a pretty good plan. General Perishing asked the lieutenant how much pay he received. On hearing the lieutenant’s reply of “141. 67 per month, Sir,” General Perishing said: “Just remember that you get $1. 67 err month for making your plan and issuing the order, and $140. 00 for seeing that it is carried out. ” Dictionary of Military and Naval Quotations by Robert D. Hein, Jar. (1978): “In war there is no second prize for the erroneous. [][]GENE Omar Bradley Quoted by GENE Wasteland, 21 September 1971, Abilene, Texas, DAD PAM 360050, Gag 1982: “Leadership in a democratic army means firmness, not harshness; understanding, not weakness; generosity, not selfishness; pride, not egotism. ” CINCHING Omar Bradley 1953 COGS, 16 May 1967: “Leadership is intangible, and therefore no weapon ever designed can replace it. ” The Impact of Modern Technology on the Frontline Combat Team”, (The Sesquicentennial of the United States Military Academy, West Point, 1952, p. 135): “Military organizations and success in battle depend upon discipline and a high sense of honor. GONE Omar Bradley 2 DAD PAM 600065 0 1 November 1985 Military Review, May 1948: “The Nation today needs men who think in terms of service to their country and not in terms of their country’s debt to them. ” “Leadership”, Parameters, Volume 1, No. 3, 708 October 1971 at a meeting of 12th Army Group Association: “The test of a leader lies in the reaction and response of his followers. He should not have to impose authority. Bossiness in itself never made a leader He must make his influence felt by example and the instilling of confidence in his followers. The greatness of a leader is measured by the achievements of the led.

This is the ultimate test of his effectiveness. ” “Remember, a good leader is one who causes or inspires others, staff or subordinate commanders to do the job. ” Omar Bradley “Furthermore, no leader knows it all (although you sometimes find one who seems to think he does! ). A leader should encourage the members of his staff to speak up if they think the commander is wrong. He should invite constructive criticism. It is a grave error for the leader to surround himself with a Eyes’ staff. ” “l would caution you always to remember that an essential qualification of a good leader is the ability to recognize, select, and train junior leaders. Omar Bradley “A leader should possess human understanding for others. Men are not robots and should not be treated as though they were machines. I do not by any means suggest coddling. But men are highly intelligent, complicated beings who will respond favorably to human understanding and By this means their leader will get maximum effort from each of them. He will also get loyaltyњand in this connection, it is well to remember that loyalty goes down as well as up. ‘ “(paraphrased) A leader must be selfјconfident. ” Omar Bradley “A leader must possess imagination. Bradley Nineteen Stars: A Study in Military Character & Leadership, (CA: Presided, 1971), by Edgar F. Prayer, Jar. Ion answer to the question of whether leaders are born or made posed by author: “l would say some are born. A person can be born with certain qualities of leadership: good physique, good 3 DAD PAM 600065 ј 1 November 1985 mental capacity, curiosity, the desire to know. When you go to pick out the best pup in a litter of bird dogs, you pick out the pup even though he is only 6 weeks old. He is curious, going around looking into things, and that kind of dog usually turns out to be the best dog.

But there are qualities one can improve on. A thorough knowledge of your profession is the first requirement of leadership and this certainly has to be acquired. Observing others is importantџtrying to determine what makes them stand out. That’s why I think we can learn a lot by studying past leaders. Studying Lee, other Civil War leaders, Jackson, Lincoln. Trying to see what made them great. ” Battles are won by the infantry, the armor, the artillery, and air teams, by soldiers living in the rains and huddling in the snow. But wars are won by the great strength of a nation[]the soldier and the civilian working together. GONE George Washington and George Marshall: Some Reflections on the American Military Traditions, CO: SAFE Academy, 1984, by Don Highlighting: “War is an art, to attain perfection in which much time and experience, particularly for the officers, are necessary. ‘ ICC]John Calhoun Sumac’s Professional Notebook 1984: “An army of deer led by a lion is more to be feared than an army of lions led by a err. ” Chipboard’s 4100375 B. C. Good Advice, More than 2,000 apt quotations to help you live your life, by William Safari and Leonard Safari, Times Books, 1982: “If you cry ‘Forward’, you must without fail make plain in what direction to go.

Don’t you see that if, without doing so, you call out the word to both a monk and a revolutionary; they will go in directions precisely opposite? ” јјAnton Chekhov “To create great armies is one thing; to lead them is another. ” Sir Winston Churchill Selected Quotations; US History Leaders, Office of the Chief, Military History, DAD 1964: “At the top there are great simplifications. An accepted leader has only to be sure of what it is best to do, or at least have his mind made up about The loyalties which center upon number one are enormous.

If he trips, he must be sustained. If he makes mistakes, they must be covered. If he sleeps, he must not be wantonly disturbed. If he is no good he must be pollarded. ” ICC]Sir Winston Churchill What It Takes to be a Leader, Readers Digest: 4 DAD PAM 600065 1 November 1985 “All my life, both as a soldier and as an educator, I have been engaged in a search for a mysterious intangible. All nations seek it constantly because it is the key o greatness, sometimes to survival. That intangible is the electric and elusive quality known as leadership. Mark Clark “You owe it to your men to require standards which are for their benefit even though they may not be popular at the moment. ” GONE Bruce Clarke “When things go wrong in your command, start searching for the reason in increasingly larger concentric circles around your own desk. ” “You must be able to underwrite the honest mistakes of your subordinates if you wish to develop their initiative and experience. ” CINCHING Bruce Clarke “Rank is given you to enable you to better serve those above and below you It is to given for you to practice your idiosyncrasies. “Regardless of age or grade, soldiers should be treated as mature individuals They are men engaged in an honorable profession and deserve to be treated as such. ” Wasting Soldiers’ Time: “l know of no better reputation for an officer or noncommissioned officer to have with his men than he is a good manager and does not waste his soldiers’ time. ” “Do not expect to get squad, platoon, company, battalion, brigade, division, or corps commanders as replacements who are fully trained. If such people are available in the replacement system, they will probably be promoted before they arrive.

Plan to coach them as needed in your standards and way of doing things. ” “Trained commanders produce the best results under noncommissioned orders These need only three things: 5 DAD PAM 600065 0 1 November 1985 C]What is to be accomplished. C] The coordinating factors necessary. Clutch help he can expect from you and others and how to get it. ” GONE Bruce Clarke “Leadership needed in ordinary units is different from that required by elite units. ” Bruce Clarke “Good leadership in a platoon can only be practiced in the climate of good companionship in the units above. Bruce Clarke The more a leader is in the habit of demanding from his men, the surer he will be that his demands will be answered. ” 1832 Lightning Joe: Autobiography: “The American people rightly look to their military leaders not only to be skilled in the technical aspects of the profession of arms, but to be men of integrity who have a deep understanding of the human strengths and weaknesses that motivate soldiers under the ultimate test of war. ” J. Collins Selected Quotations: US Military Leaders, Office of The Chief, Military History DAD 1964: “To lead an untrained people to war is to throw them away. Confucius coca BC “It is, indeed, an observable fact that all leaders of men, whether as political figures, prophets, or soldiers, all those who can get the best out of others, have always identified themselves with high ideals. ” GONE Charles Degaussed Good Advice, More than 2,000 Apt Quotations to Help You Live Your Life, by William Safari and Leonard Safari, Times Books, 1982: “l would rather try to persuade a man to go along, because once I have persuaded him, he will stick. If I scare him, he will stay just as long as he is scared, and then he is gone. Dwight Eisenhower “Nothing is easy in war. Mistakes are always paid for in casualties and troops are quick to sense any blunder 6 DAD PAM 600065 0 1 November 1 985 made by their commanders. ” Dwight Eisenhower Dictionary of Military and Naval Quotations by Robert D. Hein, Jar. 1978 “In the final choice a soldier’s pack is not so heavy a burden as a prisoner’s chains. ” GONE Dwight Eisenhower Crusade in Europe: “Soldiers will not follow any battle leader with confidence unless they know that he will require full performance of duty from every member of the team. “The trained American possesses qualities that are almost unique. Because of his initiative and resourcefulness, his adaptability to change and his readiness to resort to expedient, he becomes, when he has attained a proficiency in all the normal techniques of battle, a most formidable soldier. Yet even he has his limits; the preservation of his individual and collective strength is one of the greatest responsibilities of leadership” DODGE Dwight Eisenhower Quoting GENE McCain in 1941: “Our troops are capable of the best discipline.

If they lack it, leadership is faulty. ” DAD PAM 360050, ‘Quotes for the Military/Speaker”, HAS, August 1 982: “Leadership cannot be exercised by the weak. It demands strength of this great nation when its people are united in purpose, united in a common fundamental faith, united in their readiness to work for human freedom and peace: this spiritual and economic strength, in turn, must be reinforced in a still armed world by the physical strength necessary for the defense of ourselves and our friends. Dwight Eisenhower Contemporary Quotations: “The most terrible job in warfare is to be a second lieutenant leading a platoon when you are on the battlefield. ” GONE Dwight Eisenhower “l would say that most leaders are made. A fellow that comes from a long line f ancestors with determination and courage has no doubt inherited some leadership qualities. I have seen many times in combat where somebody who is small and meek was given the opportunity and had leadership you never before realized he had, and he becomes a Medal of Honor winner.

There are some qualities you inherit that make you a good leader; but many who have not these qualities develop them, or just seem to come up with them when opportunity knocks. ” Dwight Eisenhower 7 DAD PAM 600065 1 November 1985 by Edgar F. Prayer, Jar. њin answer to the question of whether leaders are born or dad posed by author: “l think that there is something to the expression ‘born to lead’. But there are many people who have the potential for leadership, just as there are probably many people born with the potential to be great artists that never have the opportunity or the training for the full development of their talents.

I think leadership is a product of native ability plus environment By environment, I mean training and the opportunity to exercise leadership” GONE Infantry Journal, “Molding Men for Battle”, 1939: “As always, it will be the army with the best leaders, and therefore with the most rosaceous, loyal, and devoted men, that will be victorious. ” MGM H. E. Ely “No study is possible on the battlefield; one does there simply what one can in order to apply what one knows.

Therefore, in order to do even a little, one has already to know a great deal and know it well. ” јјFerdinand Foci 1919 “The real secret of leadership in battle is the domination of the mass by a single personality. Influence over subordinates is matter of suggestion. Discipline acquired during peace and the power of personal example are both used to exact great sacrifices. ” Baron von Forthrightness’s SONICS Principles don’t change]but battlefield execution in accordance with these principles has changed drastically.

Soldiers don’t changeable the tools of their trade, the modern weapons systems that are flooding into the inventory, are changing in a revolutionary way As we look at the mistakes in generalship over the past 100 years, the common theme is that the general did not understand the technology of his time or, as they say, he elected to fight the last war rather than the one he happened to be in. A General must be versatile enough to take into battle the existing technology of whatever moment in mime he is called upon to fight.

The job of a general is to be a battlefield leader, a tactician, a logistical, a commander who readies his force for battle with enlightened training and leads it into the fight with inspirational tactical judgment and a deep understanding of soldiers. ” CIA[]GENE John Galvan, 1985 “Remember that leaders aren’t made leaders because they are college graduates Leaders are invariably made leaders because they are caring and concerned about people. Mackey Hone DAD Pamphlet 360050, “Quotes for the Military/Speaker 1982″, HAS, August 1982: 8 DAD PAM 600065 0 1 November 1985 Perhaps the most valuable result of all education is the ability to make yourself do the thing you have to do, when it ought to be done, whether you like it or not. This is the first lesson to be learned. ” Thomas Huxley “God grant that men of principle shall be our principal men. ” Thomas Jefferson Dictionary of Military and Naval Quotations by Robert D. Hein, Jar. (1978) “l would lay down my life for America, but I cannot trifle with my honor. Paul Jones The Leadership Qualities of Great Generals: “Communications, or the ability to inform people what you expect of them in understandable terms and the ability to transmit to them your interest in them, is the key to successful leadership. ” GONE Harold K. Johnson Barrette’s Familiar Quotations: “Leadership and learning are indispensable to each other. ” Kennedy Nineteen Stars: A Study in Military Character & Leadership, (CA Presided, 1971 ),by Edgar F. Prayer, Jar. : “Optimism is axiomatic with leadership.

And in those grave days and hours (late 1942), four words from MacArthur meant as much to me as a new squadron of airplanes. Those words were: George, we’ll do it. ‘ That attitude breeds victory and success. ” GONE George Kenney (Macarthur Air Chief) ZINC, COMMENCES “Over 2400 years ago, the Greek Historian Herodotus wrote a Story of the Persian Wars’ so that ‘men’s actions may not be effaced by time nor the great and wondrous deeds’ of ‘the Greeks be deprived of renown, Since that time countless writers have attempted to capture the essence of the great captains.

In virtually every case great leaders have been those who gave extra effort and sought out challenge in all forms. There are no short cuts and sadly no easy ways to selfless leadership. Leadership is to be learned from experience and room study, toil, trial and error. The good things in life are worth striving for and nothing is more rewarding than leading soldiers. ” GONE Robert Kingston 1985 “Officers can never act with confidence until they are master of their profession. Northern Knox 175001806 9 DAD PAM 600065 0 1 November 1985 Dictionary of Military and Naval Quotations by Robert D. Hein, Jar. (1978) “l cannot trust a man to control others who cannot control himself. ” “Do your duty in all things. You should never wish to do less. ” Robert Lee “Our Army would be invincible if it could be properly organized and officered There were never such men in an Army before. They will go anywhere and do anything. But there is the difficultyјproper commanders. ” њњGENE Robert Lee to LET T. J. Stonewall) Jackson CONCUR/ZINC CUFF/CGI ELISE “You can assign a man to a leadership position, but no one will ever really be a leader until his appointment is ratified in the hearts and minds of his soldiers. The first thing to do in operating as a leader is be honest with The problem is there is much rhetoric in this business. There is not enough honesty with ourselves about just who we are and whether we are really perceived as a leader by our subordinates. An homesteading, soul searching, solidification is in orderјand very difficult to do.

I think this is the first vital step as one goes about the business of becoming a better leader. Your soldiers will gauge how well you are doing. You can fool bosses, and at times even peers, but you can’t fool your subordinates. Look into their soullessly really learn something. ” GONE William Levies 1 985 “The strength of the group is the strength of the leader am the first believer Leaders must have the quiet confidence, the certainty, of professional preparation and personal conviction that the task can and will be done. If so, it ill. ICC]Vince Lombardi DAD pamphlet 360050, “Quotes for the Multimillionaires 1982″, HAS, August 1982: ‘Often it serves to reflect on history to find direction for the future. Almost two hundred years gagging October 1781 Color Army was neither fully manned nor equipped. But strong, positive leaders and determined courageous soldiers won final victory at Yorktown ensuring freedom for the nation. ” “The creative leader is the one who will rewrite doctrine, employ new weapons systems, develop new tactics and who pushes the state of the art. “We live in a world of precarious peace, a peace which is maintained only by U. S. Strength. And to the extent that the U. S. Appears to be weakened, peace is weakened. It is only the U. S. Leadership of the Free World and U. S. Power that safeguards an uneasy truce. ” “During peace, the Army’s primary mission is deteriorating so well trained, equipped, and led that no potential adversary would mistake our nation’s ability and resolve to defend our interests. John Marsh, Jar. “The real leader displays his quality in his triumphs over adversity however great it may be. ” GONE George Marshall 1941 10 DAD PAM 600065 1 November 1985 Ordeal and Hope, 193901942: Leadership in the field depends to an important extent on one’s legs, and stomach, and nervous system, and on one’s ability to withstand hardships, and lack of sleep, and still be disposed energetically and aggressively to command men, to dominate men on the battlefield. George Marshall Dictionary of Military and Naval Quotations by Robert D. Hein, Jar. (1978): “The soldier’s heart, the soldier’s spirit, the soldier’s soul, are everything Unless the soldier’s soul sustains him, he cannot be relied on and will fail himself and his country in the end. ” “National strength lies only in the hearts and spirits of men. ” Various sources: “Cross the channel, enter the heartland of Germany and free the continent of Europe. ” Marshall to Eisenhower by Edgar F.

Prayer, Jar. , (to House Military Affairs Committee in 1940): “You have to lead men in war by bringing them along to endure and display qualities of fortitude that are beyond the average man’s thought of what he should be expected to do. You have to inspire them when they are hungry and exhausted and desperately uncomfortable and in great danger; and only a man of positive characteristics of leadership, with the physical stamina that goes with it, can function under those conditions. Remember this: the truly great leader overcomes all difficulties, and campaigns and battles are nothing but a long series of difficulties to be overcome The lack of equipment, the lack of food, the lack of this or that are only excuses; the real leader displays his qualities in his triumph over adversity, however great it may be. ” “Army officers are intelligent. Give them the bare tree, let them supply the leaves. ” George Marshall The Armed Forces Officer, DAD PAM 60002: “The military way is a long, hard road, and it makes extraordinary requirements of every individual.

In war, particularly, it puts stresses upon men such as they eve not known elsewhere, and the temptation to ‘get out from under’ would be irresistible if their spirits had not been tempered to the ordeal. If nothing but fear of punishment were depended upon to hold men to the line during extreme trial, the result would be wholesale mutiny and a situation altogether beyond the control of leadership So it must be true that it is out of the impact of ideals mainly that men develop the strength to face situations from which it would be normal to run away. “Of the men who have risen to supreme heights in the fighting establishment of the United States, and have had their greatness reclaimed by their fellow countrymen, there is not one career that provides any warrant for the conclusion that there is a special shortcut known only to the smart operators. True enough, a few men have gained fairly high rank by dint of what the late Mr.. Justice Holmes called ‘the instinct for the jugular feeling for when to jump, where to press, and how to slash in order to achieve quite predatory personal ends.

That will occasionally happen in any walk of life. But from Washington, Wayne and Jones down to Eisenhower, Vanderbilt, Imminent, Ridgeway and Burke, the men best loved by the American people for their litany successes, were also men with greatness of soul. 11 DAD PAM 600065 C] 1 In short, they were idealists, though they likely would have disclaimed that label, since it somehow connotes the visionary rather than the intensely practical man. “Recognizing that teaching the duties of citizenship and providing information that will enable Americans to have a clearer understanding of their national affairs, are parts of the arch of morale and of a strong uniting comradeship, the Armed Services nevertheless hold that the keystone of the arch, among fighting forces, is the inculcation of military ideals and the stimulation of principles f military action. Unless orientation within the Services is balanced in that direction, the military spirit of all ranks will suffer and forces will lack a capacity to serve the Nation efficiently along the main line of resistance. BAG S. L. A. Marshall Men Against Fire: “He is what his home, his religion, his schooling, and the moral code and ideals of his society have made him. The Army cannot unmake him. It must reckon with the fact that he comes from a civilization in which aggression connected with the taking of life, is prohibited and unacceptable” BOG S. L. A. Marshall The Officer as a Leader: “In the midst of war, when all else is in flux, at least one thing stands fast.

The methods, the clandestinely, and the personality that will best enable the officer to command efficiently during peace are identical with the requirements that fit him to shape new material most perfectly under the conditions of war. ” “The power of decision develops only from practice. There is nothing mystic about it. It comes of a clearheaded willingness to accept life’s risks, recognizing that only the enfeebled are comforted by thoughts of an existence devoid of struggle. ” It must be accepted that discipline does not break down under the strain of placing a testing demand upon the individual.