Though a small child, Putting could hold his own in fights thanks to martial arts lasses. By the age of sixteen he was a top-ranked expert at samba, a Russian combination of judo and wrestling. By the time he was a teenager Putting had begun to display the ambition that he later became known for, and he attended a respected high school, School 281, which only accepted students with near- perfect grades. The institution was the only one in Russia to stress chemistry, which was Putting interest.
However, he soon moved toward liberal arts and biology. Putting played handball and worked at the school radio station, where he played music by the Battles and other Western rock bands. Fascinated with spy movies as a teen, he aspired to work for the KGB, the Russian secret service. On 28 July 1983 Putting married Calendaring-born Laudably Sharpeners, at that time an undergraduate student of the Spanish branch of the Philology Department of the Leningrad State University and a former Aerofoil flight attendant.
They have two daughters, Marina Patina (born 28 April 1 985 in SST. Petersburg) and Yesterday Patina (born 31 August 1986 in Dressed). The daughters grew up in East Germany and attended the German School in Moscow until his appointment as Prime Minister. After that they studied international economics at the Finance Academy in Moscow, although it was not officially reported due to security reasons. Putting also owns a black Labrador Retriever named Kong, who has been known to accompany him into staff meetings and greeting world leaders.
In 2010 his Bulgarian colleague, Book Boris, gave him a Karachi Dog who then was named Buff. Putting speaks fluent German. His family used to speak German at home as well. After becoming President he was reported to be taking English lessons and could be seen conversing directly with Bush and native speakers of English in informal situations, but he entities to use interpreters for formal talks.
Putting spoke English in public for the first time during the state dinner in Bucking Palace in 2003 saying but a few phrases while delivering his condolences to the Queen on the death of her mother. He made a full fluent English speech while addressing delegates at the 19th International Olympic Committee Session in Guatemala City on behalf of the successful bid of Socio for the 2014 Winter Olympics and the 2014 Winter Paralytics. Putting father was “a model communist, genuinely believing in its ideals while trying to put them into practice in his own life”.
With his dedication he became secretary of the Party cell in his workshop and then after taking night classes joined the factory’s Party bureau. Though his father was a “militant atheist”, Putting mother “was a devoted Orthodox believer”. Though she kept no icons at home, she attended church regularly, despite the government’s persecution of the Russian Orthodox Church at that time. She ensured that Putting was secretly christened as a baby and she regularly took him to services. His father knew of this but turned a blind eye.
According to Putting own statements, his religious awakening followed the serious car crash of his fife in 1993, and was deepened by a life-threatening fire that burned down their dacha in August 1996. Right before an official visit to Israel his mother gave him his baptismal cross telling him to get it blessed “l did as she said and then put the cross around my neck. I have never taken it off since. ” Putting repeated the story to George W. Bush in June 2001, which might have inspired Bush to make his remark that he had “got a sense of Putting soul”.
When asked whether he believes in God during his interview with Time, he responded saying: There are things I believe, which should not in my position, at least, be shared with the public at large for everybody’s consumption because that would look like self- advertising or a political stripes One of Putting favorite sports is the martial art of judo. Putting began training in samba (a martial art that originated in the Soviet Union) at the age of 14, before switching to judo, which he continues to practice today.
Putting won competitions in his hometown of Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg), including the senior championship of Leningrad. He is the President of the Wary Dog, the same Saint Petersburg dog he practiced at when young. Putting co-authored a book on his favorite sport, published in Russian as Judo tit Vladimir Putting and in English under the title Judo: History, Theory, Practice. Though he is not the first world leader to practice judo, Putting is the first leader to move foamed into the advanced levels. Currently, Putting holds a 6th Dan (red/ white belt) and is best known for his Hair Gosh (sweeping hip throw).
Putting earned Master of Sports (Soviet and Russian sport title) in Judo in 1975 and in Samba in 1973. At a state visit to Japan, Putting was invited to the Kodak Institute where he showed the students and Japanese officials different judo techniques. 2) MILITARY LIFE At Leningrad State University, Putting graduated from the law department in 1975 but instead of entering the law field right out of school, Putting landed a job with the KGB, the only one in his class of one hundred to be chosen. The branch he was assigned to was responsible for recruiting foreigners who would work to gather information for KGB intelligence.
In the early sass Putting met and married his wife, Laudably, a former teacher of French and English. In 1985 the KGB sent him to Dressed, East Germany, where he lived undercover as Mr.. Damon, the director of the Soviet-German HOUse of Friendship, a social and ultra club. Putting appeared to genuinely enjoy spending time with Germans, unlike many other KGB agents, and respected the German cue True. Around the time Putting went to East Germany, Soviet leader Mikhail Geographer (1931-) was beginning to introduce economic and social reforms (improvements).
Putting was apparently a firm believer in the changes. In 1989 the Berlin Wall, which stood for nearly forty years separating East from West Germany, was torn down and the two united. Though Putting supposedly had known that this was going to happen, he was disappointed that it occurred amid chaos and that the Soviet adhering had not managed it better. POLITIC LIFE In 1990 Putting returned to Leningrad and continued his undercover intelligence work for the KGB. In 1991, just as the Soviet Union was beginning to fall apart, Putting left the KGB with the rank of colonel, in order to get involved in politics.
Putting went to work for Anatoly Cashbook, the mayor of SST. Petersburg, as an aide and in 1994 became deputy mayor. During Putting time in city government, he reportedly helped the city build highways, telecommunications, and hotels, all to support foreign investment. Although SST. Petersburg never grew to become he financial powerhouse that many had hoped, its fortunes improved as many foreign investors moved in, such as Coca-Cola and Japanese electronics firm NECK. In 1996, when Cashbook lost his mayoral campaign, Putting was offered a job with the victor, but declined out of loyalty.
The next year, he was asked to join President Boris Welkin’s “inner circle” as deputy chief administrator of the Kremlin, the building that houses the Russian government. In March of 1999, he was named secretary of the Security Council, a body that advises the president on matters of foreign policy, national security, and military and law enforcement. In August of 1999, after Yelling had gone through five prime ministers in seventeen months, he appointed Putting, who many thought was not worthy of succeeding the ill president.
For one thing, he had little political experience; for another, his appearance and personality seemed boring. However, Putting increased his appeal among citizens for his role in pursuing the war in Chaney. In addition to blaming various bombings in Moscow and elsewhere on Cheney terrorists, he also used harsh words in criticizing his enemies. Soon, Putting popularity ratings began to soar. In December of 1999, Russia held elections or the 450-seat Dumb, the lower house of Russian’s parliament (governing body). Putting newly-formed Unity Party came in a close second to the Communists in a stunning showing.
Though Putting was not a candidate in this election, he became the obvious front-runner in the upcoming presidential race scheduled for June of 2000. On New Year’s Eve in 1999, Yelling unexpectedly stepped down as president, naming Putting as acting president. Immediately, Western news media and the U. S. Government scrambled to create a profile of the new Russian leader. Due to Putting secretive background as a KGB agent, there was little information. His history as a spy caused many Westerners and some Russians as well to question whether he should be feared as an enemy of the free world.
In Putting first speech as acting president, he promised, “Freedom of speech, freedom of conscience, freedom of the press, the right to private property?these basic principles of a civilized society will be protected,” according to a Newsweek report. In addition, Putting removed several of Yuletide’s loyalists and relatives from his cabinet. On March 26, 2000, Russians elected Putting out of a field of eleven candidates. After his election, Putting first legislative move was to win approval of the Start II arms reduction treaty from the Dumb.
The deal, which was negotiated seven years earlier, involved decreasing both the Russian and American nuclear buildup by half. Putting move on this issue was seen as a positive step in his willingness to develop a better relationship with the United States. In addition, one of Putting earliest moves involved working with a team of economists to develop a plan to improve the country’s economy. On May 7, 2000, Putting was officially sworn in as Russian’s second president and its first in a free transfer of rower in the nation’s eleven-hundred-year history. Putting, a soft-spoken and stone-faced man, keeps his personal life very private.
In early 2000, an American publishing company announced that in May it would release an English-language translation of his memoirs, First Person, which was banned from publication in Russia until after the March 26 presidential election. Putting has made great efforts to improve relations with the remaining world powers. In July 2001 , Putting met with Chinese President Kiang Gemini (1926-) and the two signed a “friendship treaty” which called for improving trade between China and Russia ND improving relations concerning U. S. Plans for a missile defense system. Four months later, Putting visited Washington, D.
C. To meet with President George W. Bush (1946-) over the defense system. Although they failed to reach a definite agreement, the two leaders did agree to drastically cut the number of nuclear arms in each country. Early in 2002, Putting traveled to Poland and became the first Russian president since 1993 to make this trip. Representatives of the two countries signed agreements involving business, trade, and transportation. MILITARY EXPERIENCE 1) KGB IN RUSSIA Putting joined the KGB in 1 975 upon graduation from university, and underwent a year’s training at the 41st KGB school in Cotta, Leningrad.
He then went on to work briefly in the Second Department (counter-intelligence) before he was transferred to the First Department, where among his duties was the monitoring of foreigners and consular officials in Leningrad, while using the cover of being a police officer with the KID. According to Yuri Flightiness and Vladimir Frivolously, he served at the Fifth Directorate of the KGB, which combated political dissent in the Soviet Union. He then received an offer to transfer to foreign intelligence First Chief Directorate of the KGB and was sent for additional year-long training to the Disinherits KGB Higher School in Moscow.
Then, in the early eighties, he studied at the Red Banner Yuri Android KGB Institute in Moscow (now the Academy of Foreign Intelligence). From 1985 to 1990, the KGB stationed Putting in Dressed, East Germany. Following the collapse of the East German regime, Putting was recalled to the Soviet Union and returned to Leningrad, where in June 1991 he assumed a position with the International Affairs section of Leningrad State University, reporting to Vice-Rector Yuri Melancholy. In his new position, Putting maintained surveillance on the student body and kept an eye out for recruits.
It was during his stint at the university that Putting grew reacquainted with Anatoly Cashbook, then mayor of Leningrad. Cashbook served as an assistant professor during Putting university years and was one of Putting lecturers. Putting resigned from the active state security services at the beginning of 1 992, after the defeat of the KGB-supported abortive putsch against Soviet President Vladimir Putting looked for East Germans who had a plausible reason to travel abroad, such as professors, journalists, scientists and technicians, for whom there were acceptable “legends,” or cover stories.
The legend was often a business trip, during which the agents could covertly link up with other spies permanently stationed in the West. According to German intelligence specialists who described Putting task, the goal was stealing Western technology or NATO secrets. A newly revealed document shows Putting was trying to recruit agents to be trained in “wireless communications. ” But for what purpose is not clear. Putting defends the Soviet-era intelligence service to this day.
In recent comments to a Ritter’ group in Moscow, he even seemed to excuse its role in dictator Joseph Stalin’s brutal purges, saying it would be “insincere” for him to assail the agency where he worked for so many years. Fiercely patriotic, Putting once said he could not read a book by a Soviet defector because “l don’t read books by people who have betrayed the Motherland. ” Such is the professional background of the man who emerged unexpectedly last month as Russian’s new leader. Today, Putting is acting president and the clear favorite to win the March 26 election and a four-year presidential term.
Yet a review of his career shows that Putting previously as thrived in closed worlds, first as an intelligence agent and later in city Until he was handpicked in August by then-President Boris government. Yelling to become prime minister, Putting had never been a public figure. He spent 17 years as a mid-level agent in the Soviet Gob’s foreign intelligence wing, rising only to the rank of lieutenant colonel. Later, as an aide to a prickly, controversial mayor of SST. Petersburg, Russian’s second-largest city and Putting home town, he made a point of staying in the background.
Yet Putting career also suggests that he witnessed firsthand the momentous finale of the Cold War. From the front line in East Germany, Putting saw how the centrally planned economies of the East staggered to disintegration. In SST. Petersburg, he had a taste of the ragged path of Russian’s early transition to a free-market, democratic system. What Putting has taken from these experiences is not entirely clear. He has embraced the conviction that “there is no alternative” to market democracy, and soberly acknowledged Russian’s economic weaknesses. But he also has expressed enthusiasm for reasserting the role of a strong state.
He has said the Russian economy has become “criminality,” but so far only hinted hat he would tackle the powerful tycoons who lord over it. Putting has vowed Russia will not revert to totalitarianism, but he has not demonstrated much skill working with Russian’s fledgling, competitive political system. Putting has never campaigned for office, and he told an interviewer two years ago he found campaigns distasteful. “One has to be insincere and promise something which you cannot fulfill,” he said. “So you either have to be a fool who does not understand what you are promising, or deliberately be lying. 2) CHANCERY WAR Recent revelations also demonstrate what the war in Chaney is really all about. Plans to invade Chaney, confirmed by former Prime Minister Sergei Steamship, developed from March 1999 when the Chinches kidnapped MOVED Major General Kennedy Shipping, to August 1999. By May 1999 the Ministry of Foreign Affairs was confidentially telling U. S. Analysts that there would be war in Chaney by August. A serious reader of the Russian press would also have gathered from articles then that an operation against Chaney to be led by the VIM (the Ministry of Interior’s Internal Forces) was underway or being planned.
According to Steamship, this operation was to stop at the Trek River in northern Chaney, natural geographic barrier. Unfortunately, things developed differently. There is also good reason to suspect that the Cheney invasion of Descendants in August was a provocation to give a pretext for launching (or getting Yelling to sign off on launching) the invasion plan. Although the VIM failed operationally, the regular army, under the General Staff ‘s command, expelled the Chinches from Descendants in September 1999 after two incursions into that republic. At this time Shaving and Putting made their deal.
The General Staff got carte balance to occupy all of Chaney, exterminate the terrorists (which meant massive depopulation of the area due to bombing), and to do so without operational controls from Moscow. This posture publicly remains in force even though there clearly is behind the scenes pressure to win before the presidential election of March 26, 2000. Meanwhile Putting, Yuletide’s handpicked heir, anxiously sought ways to defeat the opposition in upcoming Dumb elections. Their victory could have led to the arrest of members of the government, presidential apart, and even Yuletide’s family for their well-known corruption.
Those trials would have set the stage for the opposition’s victory in the June 2000 presidential election that could sweep out the Yellowiest. Thus both he and Shaving needed what the other could offer. According to British analyst Mark Gillette, The result was an unholy pact. Russian intelligence sources have confirmed for me that it went something like this: Shaving would give Putting a victorious little war. Len return Shaving expected a higher profile for the general staff; funding that would more than cover the cost of the invasion; and a completely free hand to fight the war as he saw fit, free of political interference.
A deal as struck on September 20 with a final proviso: if it could all be done without too many Russian casualties?never a vote winner?Putting would get a suitable victory just before the Dumb elections. Thus war returned to the Caucasus. Thus the army was let loose upon Chaney more for sectored and personal interest than for repelling terrorists. Tragically, the army has proven it cannot win in Chaney, and finally on January 31, 2000 deputy chief of Staff Cool. General Valley Minimal, a prominent military spokesman, admitted that one could not speak of victory regarding this war.
Indeed, Russia refuses to admit it s fighting a war. The Cheney operation is called an antiterrorism operation or an armed conflict, a self-serving definition but part of the larger record of official mendacity that so typifies Russian’s conduct of this war. Finally, high officials now admit that the costs of the war will far exceed its original budget and inflict more suffering and crisis upon Russian’s already over- burdened economy and population. Russian commanders, operating under Shaving, were eager to eliminate the Cheney threat and avenge their defeat in 1994-96.
They believed they could deliver a short victorious war to Putting and Yelling for which Shaving would receive Sergey job. Now Putting no longer needs Shaving and, by disregarding Geyser’s advice to stop at the Trek River, Shaving has enmeshed Russia in a protracted, costly, brutal war which probably cannot be won and which also imposes considerable foreign political costs. Shaving’s hopes of supplanting Sergey no longer seem so rosy. But meanwhile Putting and his allies won a decisive electoral victory in the Dumb.
Yelling resigned, perhaps as part of a deal with the army and other sectors, making Putting president, and allowing him?under the guise of institutional obligation?to advance the date of the presidential election and appear almost unbeatable. Putting will win a plebiscite, not an election, and rule for four more years. Putting and his allies also received new opportunities to enrich themselves or their political supporters through a newly created military aviation firm controlled by members of the government.
This firm will apparently be used, or was at least so intended, to enrich government coffers before the presidential election, giving Putting and his cronies power, secure funding sources, and opportunities to consolidate that power. ANALYSIS VLADIMIR PUTTING ) As Staff Officer, Commander and Political. As a Staff Officer As a Politician In May 1990, Putting was appointed Mayor Cabochon’s advisor on international affairs. On 28 June 1991, he was appointed head of the Committee for External Relations of the Saint Petersburg Mayor’s Office, with responsibility for promoting international relations and foreign investments.
The Committee was also used to register business ventures in Saint Petersburg. Less than one year after taking control of the committee, Putting was investigated by a commission of the city legislative council. Commission deputies Marina Sally ND Hurry Gladiola concluded that Putting understated prices and issued licenses permitting the export of non-ferrous metals valued at a total of $93 million in exchange for food aid from abroad that never came to the city. The commission recommended Putting be fired, but there were no immediate consequences.
Putting remained head of the Committee for External Relations until 1996. On 26 March 1 997, President Boris Yelling appointed Putting deputy chief of Presidential Staff, which he remained until May 1998, and chief of the Main Control Directorate of the Presidential Property Management Department (until June 1998). His predecessor on this position was Alexei Kidding and the successor was Nikolas Aftershave both future prominent politicians and Putting associates.
On 25 may 1998, Putting was appointed First Deputy Chief of Presidential Staff for regions, replacing Victoria Maintain; and, on 15 July, the Head of the Commission for the preparation of agreements on the delimitation of power of regions and the federal center attached to the President, replacing Sergey Shaker. After Putting appointment, the commission completed no such agreements, although during Shaker’s term as the Head of the Commission there were 46 agreements signed. Later, after becoming President Putting canceled all those agreements.
On 25 July 1998, Yelling appointed Vladimir Putting head of the FSP (one of the successor agencies to the KGB), the position Putting occupied until August 1999. He became a permanent member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation on 1 October 1998 and its Secretary on 29 March 1999. In April 1999, FSP Chief Vladimir Putting and Interior Minister Sergei Steamship held a televised press conference in which they discussed a video that had aired nationwide 17 March on the state-controlled Russia TV channel which showed a naked man very animal to the Prosecutor General of Russia, Hurry Saguaros, in bed with two young women.
Putting claimed that expert FSP analysis proved the man on the tape to be Saguaros and that the orgy had been paid for by persons investigated for criminal offences.  Saguaros had been adversarial toward President Yelling and had been aggressively investigating government corruption 2) Leadership Styles. Vladimir Putting not only dresses like the head of a modern global company, with his business suits and expensive, though unobtrusive, ties, he also acts like a chief executive officer (CEO). Taut and vigorous, active and terse, he speaks in simple terms the broad public can understand.
He flies in fighter jets and helicopters, leads a healthy life, and from time to time mingles with the people. These similarities have led us to fantasize a little, imagining Putting as the CEO of a company called Russia Inc. , and to evaluate his results and performance as he prepares to step down as Russian’s president in May 2008. We examine his eight years in the Kremlin by posing the sort of questions we would ask when evaluating the work of a CEO: how effective has President Putting been on the job?
What are the particular qualities of his style of leadership? How well is his country prepared for the future, and what can we expect of him after he moves on? To a degree, the results of this line of questioning have been unexpected, but then again, they were also more or less predictable. Just as is the case with corporate Coos, the actions taken by the president and his leadership style are determined not only by the needs of the organization he heads, but also by his inner theater.
Putting time in office as president and his successes have not changed him very much, but they have strengthened certain distinctive aspects f his behavior. Putting, whose story is well known to a wide range of readers, illustrates many of our ideas about effective leadership. We hope that some of our insights may prove useful to leaders in the public and private sector, and to the people who hire and fire them. 3) Leadership Qualities and Traits Optimism (The Putting regime) is the ideology, priorities, and policies of the system of government practiced by Russian politician Vladimir Putting.
The term is used in the Western press and by Russia analysts to criticize Putting, and often with a negative connotation, to describe the political system of Russia under President (2000-2008) and, subsequently, Prime-Minister Vladimir Putting, where much of political and financial powers are controlled by solving, i. E. People with state security background, coming from the total of 22 governmental security and intelligence agencies, such as the FSP, the Police and the Army. Many of these people share their career background with Putting, or are his personal friends. See also Political groups during Vladimir Putting presidency) The political system under Putting was primarily characterized by some elements of Economic liberalism, a lack of transparency in governance, cronyism and arrives corruption, which assumed in Putting Russia “a systemic and institutionalized form”, according to a report by Boris Moments as well as other sources. Between 1999 and autumn 2008 Russian’s economy grew at a steady pace, which some experts attribute to the sharp ruble devaluation of 1998, Yelling-era structural reforms, rising oil price and cheap credit from western banks.
In Michael Mescal’s opinion (June 2004), Russian’s “impressive” short- term economic growth “came simultaneously with the destruction of free media, threats to civil society and an unmitigated corruption of justice. ” During is two terms as president, Putting signed into law a series of liberal economic reforms, such as the flat income tax of 13 percent, a reduced profits tax, a new Land Code and a new edition (2006) of the Civil Code. Within this period, poverty in Russia was cut by more than a half and real GAP has grown rapidly.
In foreign affairs, the regime sought to emulate the former Soviet Union’s grandeur, belligerence and expansionism. In November 2007, Simon Distal of The Guardian pointed out that “just as Russia once exported Marxist revolution, it may now be creating an international market for Optimism”, as “more often Han not, instinctively undemocratic, oligarchic and corrupt national elites find that an appearance of democracy, with parliamentary trappings and a pretence of pluralism, is ml_ACH more attractive, and manageable, than the real thing. The US economist Richard W. Ran (September 2007) called Optimism “a Russian nationalistic authoritarian form of government that pretends to be a free market democracy”, which “owes more of its lineage to fascism than communism;” noting that “Optimism depended on the Russian economy growing rapidly enough that most people had rising standards of living and, in exchange, were ailing to put up with the existing soft repression”, he predicted that “as Russian’s economic fortunes changed, Optimism was likely to become more repressive. Russian Doctor of history Mandarin Migration saw the Putting regime as restoring what he believed were the natural functions of a government after period of the sass, when Russia was allegedly ruled by oligopolies expressing only their narrow interests. He said, “If democracy is the rule by a majority and the protection of the rights and opportunities of a minority, the current political regime can be described as democratic, at least formally. A multiparty political system exists in Russia, while several parties, most of them representing the opposition, have seats in the State Dumb. 4) Leadership Principles. Vladimir Putting served as the second President of the Russian Federation and is the current Prime Minister of Russia, as well as chairman of United Russia and Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Union of Russia and Belabors. He became acting President on 31 December 1 999, when president Boris Yelling resigned in a surprising move. Putting won the 2000 presidential election and in 004 he was re-elected for a second term lasting until 7 May 2008.
Due to constitutionally mandated term limits, Putting was ineligible to run for a third consecutive presidential term. After the victory of his successor, Dimity Mediated, in the 2008 presidential elections, he was nominated by the latter to be Russian’s Prime Minister; Putting took the post on 8 May 2008. Is credited with bringing political stability and re-establishing the rule of law.