Sheikh Mejia was born in Tangier, a village in Japanning District on March 17, 1920. His father Sheikh Luther Raman, was a asserted, an officer responsible for record-keeping at the Japanning civil court. He was the third child in a family of four daughters and two sons. In 1929, Mejia entered into class three at Japanning Public School, and two years later, class four at Midair Islamic High School. However, Mejia was withdrawn from school in 1934 to undergo eye surgery, and returned to school only after four years, owing to the severity of the surgery and slow recovery.
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At the age of eighteen, Mejia married Begum Lateness. She gave birth to their two daughters?Sheikh Hessian and Sheikh Rena?and three sons?Sheikh Kamala, Sheikh Kamala and Sheikh Russell. Early Political life 3. Mejia became politically active when he joined the All India Muslim Students Federation in 1940. He enrolled at the Islamic College (now Manuals Cad College), a well-respected college affiliated to the University of Calcutta to study law. He joined the Bengal Muslim League in 1943 and grew close to the faction led by Hushes Shaded Awkwardly, a leading Bengali Muslim leader.
During this erred, Mejia worked actively for the separation of the Muslim state of Pakistan and in 1946 he was elected general secretary of the Islamic College Students Union. After obtaining his degree in 1947, Mejia was one of the Muslim politicians working under Awkwardly during the communal violence that broke out in Calcutta, in 1946. 4. On his return to East Bengal, he enrolled in the University of Dacha to study law and founded the East Pakistan Muslim Students’ League and became one of the most prominent student political leaders in the province. As student of the Law Department and as an eloquent peaked in three languages, i. , Urdu, Bengali and English, he protested the imposition of Urdu as the ‘only state language of Pakistan’ and therefore, he was arrested and was expelled from the Dacha University in 1948. Mejia also led the Muslim Students League in organizing strikes and protests. The sustained protest from students and political activists led to the immediate release of Mejia and the others. 5. Mejia launched his political career, joining with Awkwardly and Manuals Bashing in the formation of the Miami Muslim League, the predecessor of the Miami League. Mejia focused on expanding the grassroots organization.
In 1953, he was made the party’s general secretary, and elected to the East Bengal Legislative Assembly on a United Front coalition ticket in 1954. At the age of 34 he became a minister for agriculture but within 14 days of assumption of power, the elected government was dismissed by then Pakistanis Federal government. Sheikh Mejia again got elected and became the Minister of Commerce and Industry in 1956. When General Baby Khan suspended the constitution and imposed martial law in 1958, Mejia was arrested for organizing resistance and imprisoned till 1961. Following Churchyard’s death in 1963, Mejia came to head the Miami League.
Mejia was one of the key leaders to rally opposition to President Baby Khan’s Basic Democracies plan, the imposition of martial law. 6. In 1966, Mejia proclaimed a 6-point plan at a national conference of opposition political parties at Lahore, in which he demanded self- government and considerable political, economic and defense autonomy for East Pakistan in a Pakistani federation with a weak central government. Music’s points catalysts public support across East Pakistan and obtained the broad support of Bengali, including the Hindu and other religious communities in East Pakistan. In 1968.
Mejia and 34 Bengali military officers were accused and arrested by the government of colluding with Indian government agents in a scheme to divide Pakistan and threaten its unity, order and national security. Which is known as Greatly Conspiracy Case. The government caved to the mounting pressure, dropped the charged and unconditionally released Mejia. He returned to East Pakistan as a public hero. 7. Joining an all-parties conference convened by Baby Khan in 1969, Mejia demanded the acceptance of his six points and the emends of other political parties and walked out following its rejection.
Music’s declaration heightened tensions across the country. It was following his 6-point plan that Mejia was increasingly referred to by his supporters as “Bangladesh” (literally meaning “Friend of Bengal” in Bengali. In the elections held in December 1970, the Miami League under Music’s leadership won a massive majority in the provincial legislature, and all but two of East Pakistanis quota of seats in the new National Assembly, thus forming a clear majority. Following political deadlock, Yah Khan delayed the convening of the assembly move seen by Bengali as a plan to deny Music’s party. T was on March 7, 1971 that Mejia called for independence and asked the people to launch a major campaign of civil disobedience and organized armed resistance at a mass gathering of people held at the Race Course Ground in Dacha. Where he said , “The struggle now is the struggle for our emancipation; the struggle now is the struggle for our independence. Joy Bangle!.. Since we have given blood, we will give more blood. God-willing, the people of this country will be liberated… Turn every house into a fort.
Face (the enemy) with whatever you have. ” Desire to lead 8. While still adolescent, Bangladesh took his first political lesson from Hussein Shaded Awkwardly, a leading political personality of the then Bangladesh. It was in Purifier that Young Awkwardly and adolescent Sheikh Mejia came to know each other. Both of them were attracted to each other from that first acquaintance. He witnessed the ravages of war and the stark realities of the 1943 famine and the epidemics in which about five million people lost their lives.
The miserable plight of the people under colonial rule turned him into a bell. Besides, Churchyard’s staunchly logical approach and Subtask Oboe’s spirit of dedication influenced him immensely. He was influenced by another great leader, “Sheer-e-Bangle” A. K. Bagful Hug and his political philosophy of the plain fare (“deal-baht”) for all. At that very early stage he realized that in a poor exploited country political programmer must be complimentary to economic programmer. 9. He completed his college education in Calcutta. His sojourn to the prisons began in his teens.
He first spent six days in a prison for participating in a political movement. While he was a student in Calcutta, he moved the natural eddies of the political movements of the subcontinent and got himself associated with the Muslim League and the Pakistan movement. But soon after the creation of Pakistan and the partition of Bengal in 1947, he realized that his people had not attained real independence. 10. The Bangladesh revived the Miami League after the death of Mr.. H. S. Awkwardly in 1963. By that time the military Junta had lifted the ban on political parties.
Thus the Miami League began its constitutional struggle under the leadership of the Bangladesh to legalize the demand for self-determination of the Bangles. Leadership Style 11. Sheikh Maximum Raman followed Charismatic Leadership Style in his entire life. In the world history, Bangladesh Liberation war of 1971 was the only national war fought and won by using name of a single leader who was absent, named Bangladesh Sheikh Maximum Raman. There are not too many instances where any other nation fought a war by using the name of a single leader. 12. Examples. A.
It was only because of a most popular and charismatic leader like Sheikh Mejia?hundred thousands strong mighty Indian army left independent Bangladesh within a short period of time. There is no instance in the modern history where a “liberator” or “occupational army” is withdrawn so quickly. Second World War ended sixty years ago. The American army bases in Germany and Japan still exist. It took many years for US army to leave the Philippines. B. The Charismatic leadership of Sheikh Maximum Raman can be best explained by the historical speech on 07 March 1971.
After this speech, entire Bangladesh (except cantonments) was ruled by Abundant himself. Showcase Mandolin (Incorporation movement) itself was so effectively followed by the entire action that, Pakistani junta actually lost their governing authority over Bangles until mid-night, 25 March, 1971 when Yah ordered his soldiers to crack down. By his charismatic leadership, he turned a nonviolent non-cooperation movement of unarmed masses into an armed struggle that successfully gave birth of a new nation and the creation of a new state in barely ten months will remain a wonder of history. . Because of the charismatic leadership, Bangladesh placed his historic Six-Point programmer at a political conference in Lahore in 1966. The Six- Point programmer became so popular in a short while hat it was turned into the Charter of Freedom for the Bangladesh or their Magna Cart. D. After his glorious return from Pakistani prison on January 10, 1972, Bangladesh quickly formed a full fledged Gobo. For the newly born nation, virtually from zero status.
Within a year Bangladesh managed to rehabilitate 10 million Bengali refugees returned from India, quickly disarmed 200,000 plus freedom fighters , rehabilitated 250,000 raped victims, repaired thousands of broken/destroyed bridges and roads, repaired tens of thousands of broken offices, schools and colleges, and most importantly, he offered a best institution for the new born nation within a year Personality Profile of Bangladesh 13. Considering various personality profiles it is evident that, Bangladesh Sheikh Maximum Raman possessed ‘Spirited’ personality style mostly.
However, as a great leader he also had the touch of other personality styles inside him. Therefore, it can be easily said that, his personality style was a combination of the entire personality matrix where spirited style had a lead role. 14. Example. A. Bangladesh was not the only dreamer of independent Bangladesh. Many there leaders such as Manuals Basing used to talk about (in public meetings only) independent Bangladesh, without any plan or follow-up. But no other leaders except Sheikh Mejia had any systematic plan to achieve independence. B.
There were not a single incident during his long political life when Sheikh Mejia fled or attempted to elude his obvious arrest. History tells that, Sheikh Mejia never fled, hid, or surrendered to anybody in his entire life. Sheikh Mejia was a lion-hearted Bangle who never knew how to hide himself from anybody, he never got out of his home through the back door, not even at the crucial moment hen assassins armed with Stan-guns entered (August 1975) his home to annihilate not only him but his entire family members who were with him on that fateful night c.
He was born in a middle class Bangle family and his political leadership arose out of the aims and aspirations of the ordinary Bangle. He was inseparably linked with the hopes and aspirations, the joys and sorrows, the travails and triumphs of these ordinary people. He spoke their language. He gave voice to their hopes and aspirations. Year after year he spent the best days of his youth behind the prison bars. Whoever has once come in contact with him has admitted that his personality, a mingling of gentle and stern qualities, had an strange magical attraction.
He is as simple as a child yet unbending in courage; as strong as steel when necessary. Coupled with this was his incomparable strength of mind and steadfast devotion to his own ideals. He was a nationalist in character, a democrat in behavior, a socialist in belief and a secularist by conviction. ” Success/ Failure of Leadership 15. Bangladesh Sheikh Maximum Raman was the most astonishing and much leaked about leader in South East Asia.