Leadership Quality of Abdul Kalam and Ambedkar

The creative leadership exercising the task to change the traditional role from commander to coach, manager to mentor, from director to delegated, and from one he demands respect to one who facilitate self-respect.

The higher the proportion of the creative leaders in a nation, the higher the potential f success of visions like developed India. ‘ In conclusion, reverence for life is indeed possible in real sense if a philosophical thought of reverence can be transformed into actions by empowering various components of the society. When child is empowered by the parents at various phases of growth, the child gets transformed into a responsible citizen. When a teacher is empowered with knowledge and experience, good young human beings with value systems emerge.

When an individual or a team is empowered with technology, transformation to higher potential for achievement is assured. When a leader f any institution empowers his/her people, leaders are born who can change the nation in multiple areas. When women are empowered, society with stability gets assured. When the political leaders of the nation empower the people through visionary policies the prosperity of the nation is certain. When religions are empowered and become a spiritual force, peace and happiness will blossom in people’s heart.

Such an empowered stage will lead to creation of enlightened citizens with value system. Here suggest a solution by evolution of enlightened citizens with a combination of education, value system, religion graduating into Puritanism and visionary policies for prosperity. Based on the core competence India has experienced with great qualities of leadership to manage the nation of billion people with various dimensions in every aspect of life. Now we should not allow any religion or any individual fanaticism to endanger our nation.

Because nation is very important compared to individual or any party or religion. As I always tell, a vision is the prime mover which leads to thinking. Thinking leads to knowledge, knowledge leads to actions and integrated actions lead to success in missions. India has a vision to transform itself into a developed nation y 2020. In the journey of India from vision to mission, contribution of people from all walks of life is necessary. The need of the hour is to sensitizes people towards this journey.

Hence manipulation of right type of human resources becomes the prime responsibility of managers and entrepreneurs. Law of development When we go through the development patterns and dynamics of connectivity between developed countries and developing countries, we find that a developed country has to market their products in a competitive way to different countries to remain as developed country. To get transformed into a developed amount; the developing country is also required to market their products to other countries in a competitive way.

Competitiveness has three dimensions: quality of the product, cost effectiveness and supply in time. This dynamics of competitiveness in marketing of products by developing and developed countries, called the law of development, is one of the areas which require continuous attention of entrepreneurs, managers and industry. Co-ordination – the key to success Management has five basic functions – Planning, Organizing, Directing, Coordination and Control. India, over the years, has acquired enormous experience in planning, organizing, directing and control.

The problem is regarding coordination. This is so because economic development is a wealth generating activity. Today in the competitive world, wealth generation can occur only through innovation in technology. The greatest problem today is acquisition of technology. This technology is scattered between scientific laboratories, development agencies, production agencies, private sector, public sector and the academic institutions. Coordination of all such institutions, which are geographically separated and organizationally dispersed, is the most difficult job which a manager faces.

This is an area in which the MA can find novel methods of coordinating multiple agencies through virtual organizations to generate home grown technology for application in our products. This is the only way we can make our products competitive. Expanding role of managers and entrepreneurs India has demonstrated its immense capabilities and core-competence to the world with large talented manpower. On account of the green revolution, India is now self sufficient in food. The operation flood has made India, the largest producer of milk in the world.

Health services have also been improved since independence with increase in life expectancy from 33 to arrears; fall in infant mortality from 148 to 71 per thousand, and eradication of diseases like small pox, cholera through vaccination etc. Small-scale industries provide a significant percentage to the national GAP. India is in a position to design, develop and launch world-class communication and remote sensing satellites. India is having capability of building large Thermal and Nuclear power stations.

Defense research has led to many significant developments in weapon systems like strategic and cruise missiles, sonar’s, underwater weapons, light combat aircraft, inks, electronic warfare systems and various rumors. India has a strong base in the development of information technology and the country is progressing in hardware and software business of more than $10 billion. Many Indian companies including Macs are not doing well as they find it difficult to face competition, pressure and take “quick right” decisions. It is said that you cannot do business with yesterday’s methods and be in business tomorrow.

An effective manager gets the job done through high quantitative and qualitative standards of performance with satisfaction and high degree of commitment. A managerial culture emphasizes rationality and control. Manager has to achieve results so that people will continue to contribute to this organization. It takes neither genius nor heroism to be a manager, but persistence, tough mindedness, hard work, intelligence, analytical ability, tolerance and goodwill. He needs to develop good leadership quality. I think, management education should transform a person to a leader.

A leader is one who thinks what he can give to others instead of asking what others can do for him. The style keeps changing as the situation with the types of people. Leadership style should blend with managerial functions. The management education needs to give this ability to manage and lead the change. Indian entrepreneurs should not be just home grown industrialists but they should also become leading Macs. Leadership with nobility and change management are the two important elements needed from Management Associations to the nation.

Development of Entrepreneurs The key characteristics required in an entrepreneur are desire, drive, discipline and determination. I am confident that the Entrepreneurship Development Cell promote following important traits among the would be entrepreneurs : (a) Vision and pioneering spirit. B) Being able to see possibilities where others do not. (c) Always searching for new opportunities and challenges (d) Being creative – ‘able to think out of the box’. (e) Constantly striving to do things better (f) Confident about taking risks (g) Proactive and focused on the future (h) A good knowledge and skill base. M happy to know that the MA has assisted small and medium entrepreneurs in management education through an Entrepreneurship Development Cell, with funding assistance from Conrad Deadener Foundation, Germany. I am sure the MA will continue to expand the scope of its activities through research, innovation and coordination for the larger benefit of Indian industry. Total Quality Management have participated in many space and defense programmer. Putting a satellite in the orbit needs a large rocket system.

Rocket system and the satellite put together will have tallest 50 sub-systems and more than 80 thousand components mechanical, electrical and chemical. To put a satellite in the orbit all the systems have to work to full performance requirements. Even one sub system or one component fails mission will be a failure. Same is true with launching of missile systems. It has to reach the required target by flying husbands of kilometers. The message I would like to convey here is that those in the programmer have to learn quality of a product has to be built in during the design phase and carried forward till the test phase.

It has to be constantly improved. The man who designs and manufactures must love what he does. Entrepreneurs have to aim for total quality management that is quality design to production and testing, leading to market. This will ensure success of the product and system. I hope the Madras Management Association would aim to align the organizational management system, human resource management system and he total quality management system for promoting a successful TTS initiative by any enterprise.

Addressing the present problems In the present context, key problem areas faced by Tamil Undue, especially the city of Achaean, are inadequate supply of water, power, congested transportation and pollution created both by transportation and the industry. The MA can work for a novel solution for this problem of water through developing solar energy powered seawater desalination plants which will provide a perennial source of drinking water to the city at an affordable cost.

In addition, Achaean eyeing located very near to the equatorial region has enormous sunshine, and thus is an ideal place for solar power plants which can even feed power into the grid. Also there is an urgent need for finding solution to the growing transportation problem in the city by designing innovative traffic control systems and working on pollution free automobiles. Pollution free transport systems combined with solar power based industrial units will automatically reduce the pollution in the city.

There are institutions which are working on these technologies in different parts of the countries. I would suggest that the MA would bring them together to find a lasting solution to the problem of potable water, energy, traffic congestion and pollution in the city and the State. I am sure, MA has the potential to undertake this task and become a role model for other institutions. Conclusion As you are aware, our Prime Minister in his Independence Day announcements has declared a rural development programmer called PURR – Provision of Urban Amenities in Rural Areas.

It involves identification of rural clusters with growth potential and creating Physical Connectivity, Electronic connectivity, Knowledge connectivity and thereby Market connectivity. Recent experiences indicate that the economic progress of few countries particularly the developed countries is due to the contribution of large number of small entrepreneurs employing less than 50 persons in their establishments. We need such entrepreneurs in large numbers in our country for developing and transforming our village clusters into sustainable economic units.

I am sure many of the entrepreneurs and managers grown by this Association will create enterprises in many PURR complexes in the country, particularly in Tamil Undue, in the coming years, improve the lifestyle of our village community and be an active partner in Developed India mission. Let us join together in building India as a developed nation and get the rightful place for India in this planet. Dry. Amber’s Vision for Dalai Fulfillment Coo rates: CDMA, New Delhi: Extract From a Souvenir published by the Centre for Alternative Dalai Media (CDMA), Delhi on the occasion of National Conference of Dalai Organizations (New Delhi-10. 2. 2001) Born as an untouchable with no rights to be an equal in Indian Society, Dry. B. R. Embarked educated himself as the most qualified person of his time, inspired untouchable castes to reject Britannica Social Order (BBS)) that kept them socially degraded, economically poor, culturally despised, politically powerless, and denied them the ” basic human rights”. He challenged the leadership of his time by exposing follies of their proposition of freeing India without freeing millions of untouchables, trials and socially and educationally backward classes living in sub-human conditions under the Socio-Economic Raja of the Hindus.

As the Chief Architect of free Indian’s New Constitution, he abolished all forms of discriminations and inequalities based on caste, gender, race or status. But, what was his vision to uplift the Dalais? Leadership has always been associated with many attributes. These attributes range from individual persona of the leader to a number of skills such as self- confidence, strong convictions, poise, ability to speak and present his concerns, and influence others’ thought and actions.

But it is the articulation of vision in the leadership that taps the conscious or unconscious needs, values, aspirations and feelings of followers such that the leadership enthuse them with shared ideological goal. This paper attempts to define the terms vision and leadership, and then establishes the linkages between the two. Before exploring actions, programmer of Dry. B. R. Embarked and vision behind them, attempt has been made to explore the source of his vision. THE VISION Oxford dictionary gives many meanings of the word ‘Vision’.

However, when one uses this word in association with the word leadership, it is the act of faculty of seeing or power of discerning future conditions, or the foresightedness. Therefore, it is the capacity of the leadership to look forward. It suggests the future orientation and perceiving the possibilities or images of the things to come. Vision gives the sense of direction. It can also be referred to as a inception road, mapping from the existing position of the Organization to its destination in the imagined future.

Vision propels one to change for a better future against the maintenance of a status quo. It connotes a standard of excellence, an ideal and implies a choice of values. It has quality of uniqueness. Vision is not for the complacent. Vision articulates a view of a realistic, credible, attractive future for the Organization, a condition that is better in some ways than what now exists. Renowned authority on Leadership, Souses and Poster reports that not every leader they interviewed used the term vision. They used purpose, focus, mission, legacy, dream goal, calling or personal agenda.

THE LEADERS Based on leader’s personal traits, behavior, functioning style, decision-making process, leader-follower relationship in relation to different situations, a number of models and approaches of leadership have been developed. However, there exists two notions of leadership, which are (1) the traditional and (2) the new notions. The traditional notions of leadership are based on power and control. Leaders are supposed to detach themselves from mundane routine work, and limit themselves to inventing a grand plan. Magnetite a band of followers with courageous acts. Separate emotions from work and remain lonely at the top.

Being on the top makes them automatically leader, and the leadership is reserved for few. Traditional notions are ‘based on the assumptions that leadership can’t be learnt. Notions of leadership, however, have changed. The changed notions, we refer to them as new notions of leadership, contradict the assumptions of born-leaders. They characterizes leadership with challenging the process, changing things, and shaking up the Organization. It could be a mother, a small model of leadership in re family, a teacher, a principal, and environmentalist, a Chief Executive Officer, or a leader of a community, party or nation.

The new leadership attracts constituents not because it is in a position to command (e. G. Minister) and control them, but because of its unquestionable faith in the human capacity to adapt, grow, and learn. The new leadership believes in long-term strategy. Supernatural powers are not their source of dynamism. Their powers come from strong belief in a purpose, and willingness to express that conviction. Instead of commanding and controlling, this leadership serves and supports. It is involved and in touch with those whom it leads. The credibility of action is the single most determinant of whether the leader being followed or not.

Therefore, the new leadership is not about a place or a position. It is an art of embroiling others to strive for shared aspirations. Leadership communicates these shared aspirations – the vision. The new notion of leadership, therefore, emphasizes the role of vision in the leadership. Importance of vision in leadership has been adequately acknowledged. Burns referred to this kind of leadership as ‘Transformational Leadership’. Cotter expressed it in terms of three elements, establishing direction i. E. Vision, strategies for achieving it and aligning people with the chosen direction and producing change. VISION IN LEADERSHIP Vision provides strength and reflects depth in thinking process of the leader. Vision gives a clear idea of the objectives of the leader. Warren Bennie in his book ‘On Becoming A Leader’ says that leaders come in every size, shape and disposition, but they seem to share the basic ingredients of a guiding vision. Robert Sweetest, as quoted in The Leadership Challenge’ says “the leaders job is to create a vision. Without vision the leadership has no meaning because the people won’t know where the leader wants to go and what he/she wants to do and how he/ she wants to do it. It is the vision that unites the leader and the followers for achieving common goals, and precisely that is what leadership is about. Vision brings effectiveness to leadership. It is a bridge between the present and the future constructed by a leader. Vision is the manifestation of a leader’s judgment and character and a fresh approach or new option to longstanding problems. Leadership must provide a framework of thought to the people he is eating, as they would not follow without being convinced. DRY. B. R. EMBARKED AND THE SOURCE OF HIS VISION Dry. B. R.

Embarked returned to India in 1917 after spending three years at Columbia University in United States of America and one year in London School of Economics. He has earned a degree of Master of Arts in June 1915 and a Ph. D degree in Jejunely. He came to London in October 1916, and enrolled for the degrees of M. Sc. (Economics) and D. Sc. (Economics) in London School of Economics and Political Science. He also joined Gravy’s Inn for Law for the degree of Bar- at – Law. He returned to India back in August 1917, as the duration of is scholarship granted to him by the Maharaja of Abroad was over.

He was appointed as the Military Secretary to the Maharaja Sarajevo Gawked. The Maharajah’s intention was to appoint Embarked his finance Secretary after some experience. But soon Embarked had to leave Abroad in sheer disgust at the harassment and treatment he received as an untouchable. In 1918 he became a professor at Saddened College, Bombay. He resigned in 1920, and went again to London to complete his studies. He returned to India permanently in April 1923. Highly educated and articulate, from the very moment of his return in 1917 e was looked to as a leader of the community.

In 1919, during a brief period in India between segments of his overseas education, he testified to the Southbound Committee, which was gathering information to determine the franchise for the Montage-Chemisorbs reforms. He also appeared at two major conferences of untouchables during 1920, and launched a Amaranth fortnightly MONSOONAL (Voice of the Mute or Dumb) in January 1920. Dry. Amber’s testimony reveals the difference between the Embarked and the other Maharaja leaders as well as the leaders of Untouchables in other parts of India.

In this estimation before the Southbound Committee he spoke for no group, only as the college graduate among the Untouchables of Bombay province. Eleanor Zillion in her essay on the Leadership of ABA Saves Embarked says, “His testimony was lengthy, sophisticated, passionate, but never beyond the bound of a lawyer’s plea. He fit his proposal into a total plan for the election procedures in the province for all the groups, asking only that “the hardships and disabilities entailed by the social system should not be reproduced and perpetuated in political institutions. He claimed that the Depressed Classes were entitled to presentation because there was no “like-mind news” and no “endoscopes” between Untouchables and Touchable and hence Touchable could not represent Untouchables. The Depressed Classes were “slaves” “dehumidified”, and so “socialized as never to complain” and they must have communal representation “in such numbers as will enable them to claim redress”, and under franchise “so low as to educate into political life as many as Untouchables as possible”. Terminology used by Dry. Embarked in this testimony, indicate formation of his vision.

Vision in the leadership may spring from its original thinking or may be derived room an outside source. Vision, however, is generally expressed as the inner voice, the insight or the intuition in a leader, which helps him in visualizing. Souses and Poster have defined intuition as the bringing together of knowledge and experience to produce new insights. Vision may not necessarily be a pure conception of the leader, but the leader is the one who chooses the image and articulates it into a vision and focuses attention of the people on it. Where from Dry. Amber’s vision sprang?

What were the sources of his vision? Lord Buddha: Dry. Embarked choose his three gurus from three era of Indian History – Ancient, Medieval, and Modern – all historical figures, who chose to stand up and challenge the decaying societies of their times. His first Guru is Lord Buddha, who had profound influence on him. Dry. Embarked appreciated these beliefs. He learnt from the life of Lord that a man could become great not merely due to his royal birth, but because he was motivated by the dynamics of a social purpose and acted as the scourge and scavenger of the society.

Lord Buddha led him to question the infallibility of the Veda; the faith in the elevation of the soul; the efficacy of rites, ceremonies, and sacrifices as means of obtaining lavational; the theory that god created man or that he came out of the body of Brahmas; and the doctrine of Karma, which is the determination of man’s position in present life by deeds done by him in his past life. The impact of Lord Buddha teaching can be seen in his writings. Saint Kabuki: He was the second guru of Dry. Embarked. Again a historical figure SST. Kabuki was a weaver UCM poet of medieval time.

In fact he was the leader of the band of Untouchable poets. Saint Kabuki opposed Varnished system vehemently and challenged the superiority of Brahmins. He opposed fundamentalism of Hindus and Muslims both, and unified himself with the offering of the downtrodden, lower castes, and untouchables. Kabuki’s liberalism and opposition to fundamentalism of Hindus and Muslim can be seen in Dry. Amber’s book on Pakistan, where he has criticized both the communities in unique vocal terms. Jota Pull: His third guru died in November 1 890, merely five months before Dry. Ambassadress born.

Jota Pull was the Mahatma of the poor and Untouchables. Jota Pull educated Shudders and tat-Shudders and women and worked for their fulfillment. He was the first modern Indian who questioned the hegemony of Brahmins and exposed the priest-craft through his speeches, leads, writings and programmer. Pull’s stress on education and knowledge showed a striking contrast with the upper-caste efforts to acquire technology while maintaining ‘traditional’ values of many cultures; he made it clear that education was a weapon to change ‘eastern morals’ and to bring about a kind of Cultural Revolution as well as technological one.

He and his wife, Sybaritic Pull founded Stay Shod Assam, which launched a strong movement for the rights of the downtrodden. Dry. Embarked considered him the greatest Shudder of Modem India who made the lower classes of Hindus conscious of their leaver to the higher classes and who preached the gospel of that for India, social democracy was vital than independence from foreign rule. He dedicated his book, Who were the Shudders? To this greatest Shudder of Modern times. Following his third Guru Jota Pull, Dry.

Embarked also considered struggle against social bondage more important than the foreign bondage. Apart from these three personalities, John Dewey, famous American intellectual and his mentor at Colombia University in New York, Karl Marx, and Booker T. Washington, Justice Errand also had profound influence on Dry. Embarked. History of Roman Empire, Irish Struggle and Slavery in United States also shaped his actions and vision. DRY. B. R. EMBARKED AND HIS VISION OF FULFILLMENT OF DALAIS As mentioned above that the leaders job is to create a vision.

Without vision the leadership has no meaning because the people won’t know where the leader wants to go and what he/she wants to do and how he/she wants to do it. In fact it was the vision that differentiates Dry. Embarkation his contemporary leaders. His contemporary Dalai Leaders were though educating the Dalais, but have hardly analyses the socio-economic causes of their degrading and inferior position in the society. Dry. Embarked was fully equipped to go into the depth of the socio-economic problems and fix the problem.

In contrast to other leaders, who were supporting the British Government for the fulfillment of the Dalais, Dry. Embarked emphasized on the concept of self-help or Data Deep Behave. He realized the lack of ideological hollowness of the Dalai Movement and provided necessary ideology to it. Not improvement in caste status, but Annihilation of Caste: In contrast to earlier efforts of Dalai leadership claiming higher status of Stairways, Dry. Embarked never claimed high caste status for Untouchables,since such claim implied an acceptance of upper caste superiority.

He did not claim that the Untouchables were pre-Aryan, the original settlers of the land. Dry. Embarked argued that the Untouchables’ position in the Indian Society was of social, not racial origin and therefore subject to change. By 1935, Dry. Embarked had concluded that unless caste is totally annihilated, degrading position of Dalais in Indian society wouldn’t improve. For him, caste embodied Britannica superiority. Alternative to Britannica Social Order (BBS): For Dry. Embarked eradication of Caste required a repudiation of ‘Hinduism’ as a religion and adoption of an alternative to this religion.

He considered Buddha Dunham and alternative to Britannica Social Order or alternative to Hinduism. His choice of Buddhism was essentially linked to his strong dedication to the reality of India, its rich historical heritage, which he sought to wrest from the imposition of a ‘Hindu’ identity. Rationalism: He stood for rationalism. His 22 commandments are reflecting his rationalism. State Socialism: He stood for a responsible state, taking due care of the despised, downtrodden and socially and economically weaker sections. Autonomous Dalai Movement: Dry.

Embarked firmly believed in an Autonomous Dalai Movement with a constantly attempted alliance of the socially and economically exploited. If we analyses these corner stones, we find that he stood for an alternative form of society, economy, polity, religion and culture. His programmer were intended to integrate the Untouchables into Indian Society in modern, not traditional ways, and on as high a level as possible. This was in contrast with Sandhog’s ‘Ideal Baaing’ who would continue to do sanitation work even though his status would equal that of a Brahmas.